Invincible is the tenth and final studio album by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was his tenth such album, released on October 30, 2001, by Epic Records. The album was the first release of new Jackson material since Blood on the Dance Floor: HIStory in the Mix in 1997, the first studio album in six years since HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I in 1995, and the first studio album featuring all-new material since Dangerous in 1991. Jackson, Rodney Jerkins, R. Kelly and Teddy Riley received producing and writing credits, among others. Similar to Jackson's previous material, Invincible explores themes such as love, romance, isolation, media criticism, and social issues. Invincible received generally positive reviews from contemporary music critics and sold an estimated 13 million copies, making it one of the best selling albums of 2000s.
The album peaked at number one in eleven territories worldwide, including the United States (with sales of 363,000 units its first week), the United Kingdom, Australia, France and Switzerland. Invincible charted within the top ten in six other territories; its least successful charting area was Mexico, where the album peaked at number twenty nine. Invincible re-entered music charts several times during the decade. There was supposed to be a tour called The Invincible World Tour but it was canceled due to a conflict between Jackson and his record company Sony.