'''Carl Otto Ehrenfried Nicolai''' (9 June 1810 - 11 May 1849) was a German composer, conductor, and founder of the Vienna Philharmonic. Nicolai is best known for his operatic version of Shakespeare's comedy ''The Merry Wives of Windsor'' as ''''. In addition to five operas, Nicolai composed lieder, works for orchestra, chorus, ensemble, and solo instruments.