Symphony No. 7 (Haydn) by Joseph Haydn


'''Symphony No. 7''' in C major, Hoboken I/7, is a symphony by Joseph Haydn, sometimes called "Le midi", meaning "The Noon." The symphony was most likely composed in 1761, together with the other two of the Day Trilogy, Nos. 6 and 8.Antony Hodgson, ''The Music of Joseph Haydn: The Symphonies''. London: The Tantivy Press (1976): 52. "The first three symphonies to be composed for the Prince were almost certainly the "Morning," "Noon" and "Evening" trilogy."

It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings and continuo,H. C. Robbins Landon, ''The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn''. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 626. "2 fl., 2 ob., 1 fag., 2 cor., vln. I concertante, vln. II concertante, vcl. concertante, violone (cb.) solo, str., 'Basso Continuo' (''i.e.'' cembalo)" and exhibits many concertante features; indeed, the principal players of each of the string sections have solos, while the winds are given fairly difficult parts.Hodgson, 1976: 52. The work is in four movements:

#Adagio, 4/4 - Allegro, 3/4

#Recitativo: Adagio, 4/4

#Minuetto and Trio, 3/4

#Finale: Allegro, 2/4

Unlike the sunrise of ''Le matin'', the slow introduction to the opening movement here is a ceremonial march.A. Peter Brown, ''The Symphonic Repertoire'' (Volume 2). Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press (2002) (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 72-75.

The first movement begins with a fanfare style, ten bar passage, followed by the allegro part of the movement. The second adagio movement begins with an extended "recitative" in C minor featuring a solo violin. The Adagio follows in G major with solo violin and solo cello with prominent obbligato flute parts coloring the accompanying orchestration. The movement ends with an extended cadenza for the solo violin and cello.

Like the previous symphony, the finale contains numerous solo passages for almost all the instruments, but here its intensified even more with solos and tuttis often exchanging every other bar. The recapitulation is notably accentuated with horn fanfares.