'''Symphony No. 56''' in C major, Hoboken I/56, is a symphony by Joseph Haydn, composed by 1774. It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns (C alto and F), 2 trumpets, timpani and strings.H. C. Robbins Landon, ''Haydn: Chronicle and Works'', 5 vols, (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976-) v. 2: "Haydn at Eszterhaza, 1766-1790",. It is in four movements:
#Allegro di molto
#Menuet & trio
Daniel Heartz has noted the similarity of the first movement in its character to the first movement of Haydn's Symphony No. 55. The slow movement, in F, contains notable concertante work in the bassoon and two oboe parts.Daniel Heartz, ''Haydn, Mozart, and the Viennese School, 1740-1780''. W.W. Norton & Company (ISBN 0393965333), p. 368 (1995). The finale is a frenetic tarantella/saltarello dance movement with several pauses and fermatas as interruptions.A. Peter Brown, ''The Symphonic Repertoire'' (Volume 2). Indiana University Press (ISBN 025333487X), pp. 156-157 (2002).