Symphony No. 3 (Haydn) by Joseph Haydn

Summary

'''Symphony No. 3 in G major''', Hoboken I/3, is believed to have been written between 1760 and 1762.

It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings and continuo.H. C. Robbins Landon, ''The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn''. London: Universal Edition & Rockliff (1955): 618. "2 ob., 2 cor., str., [ fag., cemb. ]" It was one of the earliest symphonies to have four movements:

#Allegro,

#Andante moderato in G minor,

#Minuet and Trio,

#Allegro, cut time

The winds are not used in the slow movement, but the trio of the minuet shows "the first emergence of winds from their earlier rĂ´le ... in the earliest divertimenti for winds and strings."(Landon, 1955): 218

The Minuet is a canon between the higher and lower voices at the distance of one bar. Haydn would later write a similar canon in the minuet of his twenty-third symphony and similar canons would be later be written into G major minuets by Michael Haydn and Mozart.H. C. Robbins Landon, ''Haydn: Chronicle and Works'', 5 vols. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976-) vol. 1: "Haydn: the Early Years, 1732-1765", Later still, Haydn himself would develop this technique into the "Canones in Diapason" of the minuet of his Trauer Symphony and the "Witches' Minuet" of his D minor string quartet from Op. 76.

The Finale is also contrapuntal. It is a fugue with two subjects that also integrates elements of sonata form.

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