Les fêtes vénitiennes by André Campra


'''''Les festes vénitiennes''''' ("Venetian Festivities"), also spelled '''''Les fêtes vénitiennes''''',The spelling more often employed today, according to modern French orthography, is ''''fêtes'''', instead of the old-fashioned ''''festes''''. The modern spelling is adopted for instance by ''The New Grove Dictionary of Opera'', ''Le magazine de l'opéra baroque'' and ''Dizionario dell'opera''. On the other hand, the term 'festes' is still used by Lajarte and Pitou and appears in the earliest sources available online, such as the scores cited below, [http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k5455401p.r=les+festes+v%C3%A9nitiennes+1710.langEN the libretto published by Delormel in 1750] (all accessible at the site ''Gallica, Bibliothèque numérique della Bibliothèque Nationale de France''), [http://books.google.it/books?id=pjudD6bpReYC&pg=PA36&dq=Campra+Les+festes+v%C3%A9nitiennes+Paris+Ballard+1710&hl=it&sa=X&ei=WfGNUZuUJ8WI4gTN6oGoAQ&ved=0CEEQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=Campra%20Les%20festes%20v%C3%A9nitiennes%20Paris%20Ballard%201710&f=false the original libretto as assessed by Maurice Barthélémy] in ''Catalogue des imprimés musicaux anciens du Conservatoire Royal de Musique de Liège'', Liège, Mardaga, 1992, p. 34 (ISBN 978-2-87009-521-8), and [http://books.google.it/books?id=ixk6AAAAcAAJ&pg=RA2-PT15&dq=Le+Triomphe+de+la+Folie+sur+la+Raison+dans+le+temps+de+Carnaval&hl=it&sa=X&ei=O9-DUYK5CYfg7QaLmIHgDQ&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBA the complete entrée librettos as reproduced by Christoph Ballard in 1714] in ''Recueil general ...'' (both accessible, the former only in part, at books.google.com). It is only after 1750, owing to the diffusion and enforcement of the third edition of the Dictionnaire de l'Académie française, that the new spelling 'fêtes' appears to have gradually come into common use, as can be seen from the libretto reprinted by Delormel in 1759 with the newly-spelt title (the title-page is reproduced in [http://operabaroque.fr/CAMPRA_FETES.htm ''Le magazine de l'opéra baroque'']). is an ''opéra-ballet'' by the French composer André Campra. It consists of a prologue (later sometimes omitted, abridged or replaced) and three ''entrées'' (four or five in subsequent versions). All versions of the libretto are by Antoine Danchet. It was first performed on 17 June 1710 by the Académie royale de musique in the Salle du Palais-Royal in Paris. According to the usage of the time, it was originally simply billed as a "''ballet''",Cf. the period printed sources cited above. but it is one of the most important and successful instances of the new genre later classified by scholars as ''opéra-ballet'', which had become popular in Paris around the end of the 17th century.Anthony.