Neumeister Chorales by Johann Sebastian Bach


'''Neumeister Collection''' is a manuscript compilation of chorale preludes for organ assembled by Johann Gottfried Neumeister (1757-1840) after 1790.[ Manuscript LM 4708 in Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA); the so-called Neumeister Collection.] Accessed 2 March 2014. It has been suggested that the collection may have been copied from a single source, possibly a Bach family album put together in Johann Sebastian Bach's early years.Richard D. P. Jones, ''The Creative Development of Johann Sebastian Bach, Volume 1, 1695-1717: Music to Delight the Spirit'' (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), p. 74. The five works by Neumeister's own music teacher, Georg Andreas Sorge, were a later addition.Sara Ann Jones, [ ''The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes of the Bach Circle: An Examination of the Chorale Preludes of J.S. Bach and Their Usage as Service Music and Pedagogical Works''], Doctor of Musical Arts Dissertation, Louisiana State University, 2002, p. 10. Some time after 1807 the manuscript passed to Christian Heinrich Rinck (1770-1846),Christoph Wolff, "The Neumeister Collection of chorale preludes from the Bach circle", in his ''Bach: Essays on His Life and Music'' (New Haven, CT: Harvard University Press, 1991), p. 110. whose library was bought by Lowell Mason in 1852. After Mason's death in 1873, his collection was acquired by Yale University in New Haven, Connecticut.

There the Neumeister volume lay as manuscript LM 4708 until it was rediscovered "early in 1984" by musicologists Christoph Wolff (Harvard) and (Bach-Archiv Leipzig) and librarian Harold E. Samuel (Yale)."[ Dispute over Bach discovery]", ''The New York Times'', 13 April 1985. Accessed 13 March 2014. After satisfying themselves that the manuscript was genuine, they announced the discovery in December 1984.Will Crutchfield, "[ Organ preludes attributed to Bach found at Yale]", ''The New York Times'', 19 December 1984. Accessed 13 March 2014. Their conclusions were confirmed in January 1985 by German organist (1937-2005), who had been working on the same material independently, and with a fatal lack of urgency, since 1981.Russell Stinson, "Review: ''The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes from the Bach Circle (Yale University Manuscript LM 4708)''''Orgelchoräle der Neumeister-Sammlung / Organ Chorales from the Neumeister Collection''", ''Journal of the American Musicological Society'', vol. 40, no. 2 (Summer, 1987), p. 353. Wolff acknowledged that he brought his announcement forward when he learned that Krumbach was in the field.Stinson, "Review", p. 353.Christoph Wolff, "Bach's organ music: studies and discoveries", ''The Musical Times'', vol. 126, no. 1705 (March, 1985), p. 152, n. 7. Krumbach was unhappy with the way things turned out.[ "Opus 33: Who really found Bach preludes?"] ''Chicago Tribune'', 28 April 1985. Accessed 16 February 2015.The collection was published by Professor Wolff in 1985-1986, both in facsimile and as part of the Neue Bach-Ausgabe.Christoph Wolff (ed.), ''The Neumeister Collection of Chorale Preludes from the Bach Circle (Yale University Library LM 4708): A Facsimile Edition'' (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986).Johann Sebastian Bach, ''Orgelchoräle der Neumeister-Sammlung / Organ Chorales from the Neumeister Collection'', edited by Christian Wolff (New Haven and Kassel: Yale University Press and Bärenreiter-Verlag, 1985), later appearing as ''Johann Sebastian Bach: Neue Ausgabe sämtliche Werke, Serie IV, Orgelwerke 9: Orgelchoräle der Neumeister-Sammlung'' (Kassel: Bärenreiter-Verlag for the Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Institut, Göttingen and the Bach-Archiv, Leipzig, 2003).