Symphony No. 4 by Joseph Haydn


'''Symphony No. 4 in D major''', Hoboken I/4, is believed to have been written between 1757 and 1761.

It is scored for 2 oboes, bassoon, 2 horns, strings and continuo.H. C. Robbins Landon, ''The Symphonies of Joseph Haydn'' (London: Universal Edition & Rockliff, 1955): 618. "2 ob., (fag.), 2 cor., str., [ cemb. ]" As usual for the period, it is in three movements:

#Presto, 6/8

#Andante in D minor, 2/4

#Tempo di Menuetto, 3/8

The second movement features a syncopated second violin part.H. C. Robbins Landon, Haydn: Chronicle and Works, 5 vols. (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976-) v. 1: "Haydn: the Early Years, 1732-1765", The walking eighth-notes of the second violins are offset by half a step (a sixteenth note) from the first violins that play above it.Antony Hodgson, "The Music of Joseph Haydn: The Symphonies", pp. 47-48

The finale is marked ''Tempo di Menuetto'', but is not in the 3/4 time of a minuet, but in the 3/8 time which is typical of Haydn's other early symphonic finales. Also, unlike other minuets, the movement lacks a central trio section.