'''Symphony No. 52 in C minor''' is one of the last ''Sturm und Drang'' symphonies composed by the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn while the composer was in residence at Esterházy in 1771 or 1772.H. C. Robbins Landon,
It is one of a number of minor-key symphonies that Haydn composed in the late 1760s and early 1770s, the others being Symphonies Nos. 39, 44, 45, and 49. The symphony was described by H. C. Robbins Landon as "the grandfather of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony, also created with mathematical precision and in extreme conciseness."H. C. Robbins Landon, ''Haydn: Chronicle and Works'', 5 vols, (Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press, 1976- ) v. 2, "Haydn at Eszterhaza, 1766-1790", . It may also have served as a model for Mozart's Piano Sonata K. 457.