'''Symphony No. 42''' in D major, Hoboken I/42, is a symphony by Joseph Haydn. The symphony was composed by 1771. It is scored for two oboes, two bassoons, two horns and strings.
The work is in four movements:
# Moderato e maestoso, 2/2
# Andantino e cantabile, 3/8 in A major
# Menuet & Trio: Allegretto, 3/4
# Finale: Scherzando e presto, 2/4
The first movement "is marked by the lively acciaccature that appear in the first bar."Keith Anderson, "About This Recording" Naxos 8.570761 Generally in this period the winds were ''tacet'' for the slow movement, and here they are silent at first, but they come in later. The last movement has been described as a "novel use of the rondo form,"William E. Grim, ''Haydn's ''Sturm und Drang'' Symphonies: Form and Meaning''. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press (1990): 52. and H. C. Robbins Landon even goes so far as to call it a "characteristic Haydnesque rondo" and perhaps the first such rondo,H. C. Robbins Landon, ''Haydn: Chronicle and Works'', Vol. 2. Bloomington and London: Indiana University Press (1976): 301 though others point out that it is not the sonata rondo that has come to be associated with Haydn.Grim (1990): 53