Missa Cellensis in honorem Beatissimae Virginis Mariae by Joseph Haydn

Summary

'''Missa Cellensis in honorem Beatissimae Virginis Mariae''' in C major by Joseph Haydn, Hob. XXII:5, Novello 3,p. 265 (1974) Hugues was originally written in 1766, after Haydn was promoted to Kapellmeister at Eszterháza following the death of Gregor Joseph Werner.p. 133 (1996) Schenbeck The original title as it appears on the only surviving fragment of Haydn's autograph score, that has been discovered around 1970 in Budapest,http://ml.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/pdf_extract/75/2/318 clearly assigns the mass to the pilgrimage cult of Mariazell, Styria. Until that discovery, the work was formerly known as ''Missa Sanctae Caeciliae'', or in German ''Cäcilienmesse'', a title probably attributed to the mass in the 19th century. Whether the alternative title refers to a performance of the piece by the ''St. Cecilia's Congregation'', a Viennese musician's fraternity, on some St. Cecilia's day (22 November), as has been suggested, remains speculation.

It is believed that the original manuscript was lost in the Eisenstadt fire of 1768, and that when Haydn rewrote the piece from memory, he may also have expanded it.p. 41 (2002) Green It may have originally consisted of only Kyrie and Gloria, with the other parts added later.BBC Radio 4 Essential Classics, 10 August 2012. This Mass was known to Anton Bruckner.p. 138, Maier, Zamazal (1980) Elisabeth, Franz. Graz ''Anton Bruckner und Leopold Zenetti'' Akademische Druck- und Verlagsanstalt

The mass is scored for vocal soloists, SATB choir, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 trumpets in C, timpani, strings and organ,p. 40 (2002) Green the latter supplying figured bass for most of the duration.

The setting is divided into six movements.

# "Kyrie" Adagio (ossia Largo), C major, common time

#:--"Kyrie eleison" Allegro con spirito

#:--"Christe eleison" Allegretto, 3/4

#:--"Kyrie eleison" Vivace, common time

# "Gloria" Allegro di molto, C major, 3/4

#:--"Laudamus te, benedicimus te..." Moderato, G major, common time

#:--"Gratias agimus..." Alla breve, G major, cut time

#:--"Domine Deus, Rex coelestis..." Allegro, C major, 3/8

#:--"Qui tollis peccata mundi..." Adagio, C minor, common time

#:--"Quoniam tu solus sanctus..." Allegro di molto, C major, common time

#:--"Cum Sancto spiritu..." Largo

#:--"In gloria Dei Patris..." Allegro con spirito

# "Credo" Vivace, C major, common time

#:--"Et incarnatus est..." Largo, C minor, 3/4

#:--"Et resurrexit..." Allegro, C major, 3/4

# "Sanctus" Adagio, C major, common time

# "Benedictus" Andante, C minor, cut time

#:--"Osanna..." Allegro, C major, common time

# "Agnus Dei" Largo, C major, common time

#:--"Dona nobis pacem..." Presto, C major, 3/4

While Jonathan Green finds the choral parts to be of medium difficulty, he finds the orchestral parts quite difficult, and recommends seasoned, "technically secure" players.p. 42 (2002) Green

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