Symphony No. 7 by Gustav Mahler


'''Seventh Symphony''' was written in 1904-05, with repeated revisions to the scoring. It is sometimes referred to by the title '''''Song of the Night''''' (German: ''Lied der Nacht''), though this title was not Mahler's own and he disapproved of it. Although the symphony is often described as being in the key of E minor, its tonal scheme is more complicated. The symphony's first movement moves from B minor (introduction) to E minor, and the work ends with a Rondo-Finale in C major.'Gustav Mahler' (Works), in ''New Grove'', Macmillan, 1980 Thus, as Dika Newlin has pointed out, "in this symphony Mahler returns to the ideal of 'progressive tonality' which he had abandoned in the Sixth".Dika Newlin: ''Bruckner, Mahler, Schoenberg'' (New York, 1947), p.186 The complexity of the work's tonal scheme was analysed in terms of 'interlocking structures' by Graham George.Graham George, 'Tonality and Musical Structure', (London 1970)