Neil Young
Neil Young

Neil Percival Younger OC OM[4][5] (born November 12, 1945) is a Canadian-American singer, musician and songwriter. After embarking on a music profession in Winnipeg within the Nineteen Sixties, Younger moved to Los Angeles, becoming a member of Buffalo Springfield with Stephen Stills, Richie Furay and others. Because the starting of his solo profession along with his backing band Loopy Horse, Younger has launched many critically acclaimed and vital albums, equivalent to Everyone Is aware of This Is Nowhere, After the Gold Rush, Harvest, On the Seashore and Rust By no means Sleeps. He was a part-time member of Crosby, Stills, Nash & Younger.

Younger has obtained a number of Grammy and Juno Awards. The Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame inducted him twice: in 1995 as a solo artist and in 1997 as a member of Buffalo Springfield.[6] In 2000, Rolling Stone named Younger No. 34 on their record of the 100 best musical artists. In response to Acclaimed Music, he’s the seventh most celebrated artist in in style music historical past.[7] His guitar work, deeply private lyrics[8][9][10] and signature excessive tenor singing voice[11][12] outline his lengthy profession. He additionally performs piano and harmonica on many albums, which continuously mix people, rock, nation and different musical genres. His usually distorted electrical guitar enjoying, particularly with Loopy Horse, earned him the nickname “Godfather of Grunge”[13] and led to his 1995 album Mirror Ball with Pearl Jam. Extra lately he has been backed by Promise of the Actual.[14] 21 of his albums and singles have been licensed Gold and Platinum in U.S by RIAA certification.[15]

Younger directed (or co-directed) movies utilizing the pseudonym “Bernard Shakey”, together with Journey By way of the Previous (1973), Rust By no means Sleeps (1979), Human Freeway (1982), Greendale (2003), and CSNY/Déjà Vu (2008). He additionally contributed to the soundtracks of the movies Philadelphia (1993) and Useless Man (1995).

Younger has lived in California because the Nineteen Sixties however retains Canadian citizenship.[16] He was awarded the Order of Manitoba in 2006[5] and was made an Officer of the Order of Canada in 2009.[4] He turned a United States citizen, taking twin citizenship, in 2020.[17][18][19]

Adolescence (1945–1963)

Neil Younger[20] was born on November 12, 1945, in Toronto, Canada.[21][22] His father, Scott Alexander Younger (1918–2005), was a journalist and sportswriter who additionally wrote fiction.[23] His mom, Edna Blow Ragland “Rassy” Younger (1918–1990) was a member of the Daughters of the American Revolution.[24] Though Canadian, his mom had American and French ancestry.[25] Younger’s dad and mom married in 1940 in Winnipeg, Manitoba, and moved to Toronto shortly thereafter the place their first son, Robert “Bob” Younger, was born in 1942.

Shortly after Younger’s delivery in 1945, the household moved to rural Omemee, Ontario, which Younger later described fondly as a “sleepy little place”.[26] Younger contracted polio within the late summer season of 1951 over the last main outbreak of the illness in Ontario, and because of this turned partially paralyzed on his left aspect.[27] After the conclusion of his hospitalization, the Younger household wintered in Florida, whose milder climate they believed would assist Neil’s convalescence.[28] Throughout that interval, Younger briefly attended Faulkner Elementary College in New Smyrna Seashore, Florida. In 1952, upon returning to Canada, Younger moved from Omemee to Pickering (1956), lived for a yr in Winnipeg (the place he would later return), earlier than relocating to Toronto (1957–1960). Whereas in Toronto, Younger briefly attended Lawrence Park Collegiate Institute as a freshman in 1959.[29] It’s rumored that he was expelled for driving a bike down the corridor of the varsity.[30]

Younger turned eager about in style music he heard on the radio.[31] When Younger was twelve, his father, who had had a number of extramarital affairs, left his mom. His mom requested for a divorce, which was granted in 1960.[32] Younger went to stay along with his mom, who had moved again to Winnipeg, whereas his brother Bob stayed along with his father in Toronto.[33]

In the course of the mid-Fifties, Younger listened to rock ‘n roll, rockabilly, doo-wop, R&B, nation, and western pop. He idolized Elvis Presley and later referred to him in numerous his songs.[34] Different early musical influences included Hyperlink Wray,[35] Lonnie Mack,[36] Jimmy Gilmer and the Fireballs, The Ventures, Cliff Richard and the Shadows,[37] Chuck Berry, Hank Marvin, Little Richard, Fat Domino, The Chantels, The Monotones, Ronnie Self, the Fleetwoods, Jerry Lee Lewis, Johnny Money, Roy Orbison and Gogi Grant.[38] Younger started to play music himself on a plastic ukulele, earlier than, as he would later relate, happening to “a greater ukulele to a banjo ukulele to a baritone ukulele – every thing however a guitar.”[39]

Profession

Early profession (1963–1966)

Younger and his mom settled into the working-class space of Fort Rouge, Winnipeg, the place he enrolled at Earl Gray Junior Excessive College. It was there that he shaped his first band, the Jades, and met Ken Koblun. Whereas attending Kelvin Excessive College in Winnipeg, he performed in a number of instrumental rock bands, ultimately dropping out of college in favor of a musical profession.[40] Younger’s first steady band was The Squires, with Ken Koblun, Jeff Wuckert and Invoice Edmondson on drums, who had a neighborhood hit referred to as “The Sultan”. Over a three-year interval the band performed a whole lot of reveals at group facilities, dance halls, golf equipment and faculties in Winnipeg and different elements of Manitoba. The band additionally performed in Fort William (now a part of town of Thunder Bay, Ontario), the place they recorded a collection of demos produced by a neighborhood producer, Ray Dee, whom Younger referred to as “the unique Briggs”.[41] Whereas enjoying at The Flamingo, Younger met Stephen Stills, whose band The Firm was enjoying the identical venue, and so they turned buddies.[42] The Squires primarily carried out in Winnipeg and rural Manitoba in cities equivalent to Selkirk, Neepawa, Brandon and Giroux (close to Steinbach), with just a few reveals in northern Ontario.[43]

After leaving The Squires, Younger labored people golf equipment in Winnipeg, the place he first met Joni Mitchell.[44] Mitchell recollects Younger as having been extremely influenced by Bob Dylan on the time.[45] Right here he wrote a few of his earliest and most enduring people songs equivalent to “Sugar Mountain”, about misplaced youth. Mitchell wrote “The Circle Recreation” in response.[46] The Winnipeg band The Guess Who (with Randy Bachman as lead guitarist) had a Canadian High 40 hit with Younger’s “Flying on the Floor is Fallacious”, which was Younger’s first main success as a songwriter.[47]

In 1965, Younger toured Canada as a solo artist. In 1966, whereas in Toronto, he joined the Rick James-fronted Mynah Birds. The band managed to safe a document cope with the Motown label, however as their first album was being recorded, James was arrested for being AWOL from the Navy Reserve.[48] After the Mynah Birds disbanded, Younger and the bass participant Bruce Palmer determined to pawn the group’s musical tools and purchase a Pontiac hearse, which they used to relocate to Los Angeles.[49] Younger admitted in a 2009 interview that he was in the USA illegally till he obtained a “inexperienced card” (everlasting residency allow) in 1970.[50]

Buffalo Springfield (1966–1968)

As soon as they reached Los Angeles, Younger and Palmer met up with Stephen Stills and Richie Furay after an opportunity encounter in visitors on Sundown Boulevard.[49] Together with Dewey Martin, they shaped Buffalo Springfield. A combination of folks, nation, psychedelia, and rock, lent a tough edge by the dual lead guitars of Stills and Younger, made Buffalo Springfield a vital success, and their first document Buffalo Springfield (1966) bought properly after Stills’ topical tune “For What It is Value” turned successful, aided by Younger’s melodic harmonics performed on electrical guitar. In response to Rolling Stone, the Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame and different sources, Buffalo Springfield helped create the genres of folks rock and nation rock.[51][52]

Mistrust of their administration, in addition to the arrest and deportation of Palmer, worsened the already strained relations among the many group members and led to Buffalo Springfield’s demise. A second album, Buffalo Springfield Once more, was launched in late 1967, however two of Younger’s three contributions had been solo tracks recorded aside from the remainder of the group.

From that album, “Mr. Soul” was the one Younger tune of the three that each one 5 members of the group carried out collectively. “Damaged Arrow” options snippets of sound from different sources, together with opening the tune with a soundbite of Dewey Martin singing “Mr. Soul” and shutting it with the thumping of a heartbeat. “Anticipating to Fly” featured a string association that Younger’s co-producer for the observe, Jack Nitzsche, dubbed “symphonic pop”.[citation needed]

In Might 1968, the band cut up up for good, however to meet a contractual obligation, a ultimate studio album, Final Time Round, was launched. The album was primarily composed of recordings made earlier that yr. Younger contributed the songs “On the Means House” and “I Am a Youngster”, singing lead on the latter. In 1997, the band was inducted into the Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame; Younger didn’t seem on the ceremony. The three surviving members, Furay, Stills, and Younger, appeared collectively as Buffalo Springfield at Younger’s annual Bridge College Profit on October 23–24, 2010, and at Bonnaroo in the summertime of 2011.

Younger performed as a studio session guitarist for some 1968 recordings by The Monkees which appeared on the Head and Prompt Replay albums.[53] Younger had identified Monkee Mike Nesmith since their people reveals at The Troubadour in 1965.

Going solo, Loopy Horse (1968–1969)

After the breakup of Buffalo Springfield, Younger signed a solo cope with Reprise Data, dwelling of his colleague and good friend Joni Mitchell, with whom he shared a supervisor, Elliot Roberts. Roberts managed Younger till his dying in 2019. Younger and Roberts instantly started work on Younger’s first solo document, Neil Younger (January 22, 1969),[54] which obtained blended evaluations. In a 1970 interview,[55] Younger deprecated the album as being “overdubbed fairly than performed.” The album incorporates songs that stay a staple of his stay reveals, together with “The Loner.”

For his subsequent album, Younger recruited three musicians from a band referred to as the Rockets: Danny Whitten on guitar, Billy Talbot on bass guitar, and Ralph Molina on drums. These three took the title Loopy Horse (after the historic determine of the identical title), and Everyone Is aware of This Is Nowhere (Might 1969) is credited to “Neil Younger with Loopy Horse.” Recorded in simply two weeks, the album contains “Cinnamon Woman”, “Cowgirl within the Sand”, and “Down by the River.” Younger reportedly wrote all three songs in mattress on the identical day whereas nursing a excessive fever of 103 °F (39 °C).[56]

Crosby, Stills, Nash, and Younger (1969–1970)

Shortly after the discharge of Everyone Is aware of This Is Nowhere, Younger reunited with Stephen Stills by becoming a member of Crosby, Stills & Nash, who had already launched one album Crosby, Stills & Nash as a trio in Might 1969. Younger was initially provided a place as a sideman, however agreed to hitch provided that he obtained full membership, and the group – winners of the 1969 Finest New Artist Grammy Award – was renamed Crosby, Stills, Nash & Younger.[57] The quartet debuted in Chicago on August 16, 1969, and later carried out on the well-known Woodstock Pageant, throughout which Younger skipped the vast majority of the acoustic set and refused to be filmed throughout the electrical set, even telling the cameramen: “One in all you fuckin’ guys comes close to me and I am gonna fuckin’ hit you with my guitar”.[58] In the course of the making of their first album, Déjà Vu (March 11, 1970), the musicians continuously argued, notably Younger and Stills, who each fought for management. Stills continued all through their lifelong relationship to criticize Younger, saying that he “needed to play people music in a rock band.”[59] Regardless of the stress, Younger’s tenure with CSNY coincided with the band’s most inventive and profitable interval, and drastically contributed to his subsequent success as a solo artist.

Younger wrote “Ohio” following the Kent State bloodbath on Might 4, 1970. The tune was shortly recorded by CSNY and instantly launched as a single, despite the fact that CSNY’s “Train Your Youngsters” was nonetheless climbing the singles charts.

After the Gold Rush, acoustic tour and Harvest (1970–1972)

Later within the yr, Younger launched his third solo album, After the Gold Rush (August 31, 1970), which featured, amongst others, Nils Lofgren, Stephen Stills, and CSNY bassist Greg Reeves. Younger additionally recorded some tracks with Loopy Horse, however dismissed them early within the periods. The eventual recording was much less amplified than Everyone Is aware of That is Nowhere, with a wider vary of sounds. Younger’s newfound fame with CSNY made the album his business breakthrough as a solo artist, and it incorporates a few of his finest identified work, together with “Inform Me Why” and “Do not Let It Carry You Down”; the singles “Solely Love Can Break Your Coronary heart” and “When You Dance I Can Actually Love”; and the title observe, “After the Gold Rush”, performed on piano, with dreamlike lyrics that ran a gamut of topics from medicine and interpersonal relationships to environmental issues. Younger’s bitter condemnation of racism within the heavy blues-rock tune “Southern Man” (together with a later tune entitled “Alabama”) was additionally controversial with southerners in an period of desegregation, prompting Lynyrd Skynyrd to decry Younger by title within the lyrics to their hit “Candy House Alabama.” Nevertheless, Younger stated he was a fan of Skynyrd’s music, and the band’s entrance man Ronnie Van Zant was later photographed carrying a Tonight’s the Evening T-shirt on the duvet of an album.

Younger within the Seventies

Within the autumn of 1970, Younger started a solo acoustic tour of North America, throughout which he performed quite a lot of his Buffalo Springfield and CSNY songs on guitar and piano, together with materials from his solo albums and numerous new songs. Some songs premiered by Younger on the tour, like “Journey by way of the Previous”, would by no means discover a dwelling on a studio album, whereas different songs, like “See the Sky About to Rain”, would solely be launched in coming years. With CSNY splitting up and Loopy Horse having signed their very own document deal, Younger’s tour, now entitled Journey By way of the Previous, continued into early 1971, and its focus shifted extra to newer songs he had been writing; he famously remarked that having written so many, he couldn’t consider something to do however play them. Many gigs had been bought out, together with live shows at Carnegie Corridor and a pair of acclaimed hometown reveals at Toronto’s Massey Corridor, which had been taped for a deliberate stay album. The reveals turned legendary amongst Younger followers, and the recordings had been formally launched almost 40 years later as an official bootleg in Younger’s Archive collection.

Close to the top of his tour, Younger carried out one of many new acoustic songs on the Johnny Money TV present. “The Needle and the Harm Executed”, a somber lament on the ache brought on by heroin dependancy, had been impressed partially by Loopy Horse member Danny Whitten, who ultimately died whereas battling his drug issues.[60][61] Whereas in Nashville for the Money taping, Younger accepted the invitation of Quadrafonic Sound Studios proprietor Elliot Mazer to document tracks there with a gaggle of country-music session musicians who had been pulled collectively on the final minute. Making a reference to them, he christened them The Stray Gators, and commenced enjoying with them. Befitting the immediacy of the mission, Linda Ronstadt and James Taylor had been introduced in from the Money taping to do background vocals. In opposition to the recommendation of his producer David Briggs, he scrapped plans for the approaching launch[62] of the stay acoustic recording in favor of a studio album consisting of the Nashville periods, electric-guitar oriented periods recorded later in his barn, and two recordings made with the London Symphony Orchestra at Barking (credited as Barking City Corridor and now the Broadway Theatre) throughout March 1971.[63] The outcome was Younger’s fourth album, Harvest (February 14, 1972), which was additionally one of the best promoting album of 1972 within the US.[64] The one remnant left of the unique stay idea was the album’s stay acoustic efficiency of “Needle and the Harm Executed.”

After his success with CSNY, Younger bought a ranch within the rural hills above Woodside and Redwood Metropolis in Northern California (“Damaged Arrow Ranch”, the place he lived till his divorce in 2014).[65] He wrote the tune “Previous Man” in honor of the land’s longtime caretaker, Louis Avila. The tune “A Man Wants a Maid” was impressed by his relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress. “Coronary heart of Gold” was launched as the primary single from Harvest, the one No. 1 hit in his profession.[66] “Previous Man” was additionally in style, reaching No. 31 on the Billboard Scorching 100 chart, marking Younger’s third and ultimate look within the chart’s High 40 as a solo artist.[66]

The album’s recording had been virtually unintended. Its mainstream success caught Younger off guard, and his first intuition was to again away from stardom. Within the Decade (1977) compilation, Younger selected to incorporate his best hits from the interval, however his handwritten liner notes famously described “Coronary heart of Gold” because the tune that “put me in the course of the highway. Touring there quickly turned a bore, so I headed for the ditch. A rougher trip however I noticed extra attention-grabbing individuals there.”[67]

The “Ditch” Trilogy and private struggles (1972–1974)

Though a brand new tour with The Stray Gators (now augmented by Danny Whitten) had been deliberate to observe up on the success of Harvest, it turned obvious throughout rehearsals that Whitten couldn’t operate attributable to drug abuse. On November 18, 1972, shortly after he was fired from the tour preparations, Whitten was discovered lifeless of an obvious alcohol/diazepam overdose. Younger described the incident to Rolling Stones Cameron Crowe in 1975: “[We] had been rehearsing with him and he simply could not lower it. He could not bear in mind something. He was too out of it. Too far gone. I needed to inform him to return to L.A. ‘It isn’t occurring, man. You are not collectively sufficient.’ He simply stated, ‘I’ve obtained nowhere else to go, man. How am I gonna inform my buddies?’ And he cut up. That night time the coroner referred to as me from L.A. and informed me he’d OD’d. That blew my thoughts. I cherished Danny. I felt accountable. And from there, I needed to go proper out on this large tour of big arenas. I used to be very nervous and … insecure.”[50]

On the tour, Younger struggled along with his voice and the efficiency of drummer Kenny Buttrey, a famous Nashville session musician who was unaccustomed to performing within the exhausting rock milieu; Buttrey was ultimately changed by former CSNY drummer Johnny Barbata, whereas David Crosby and Graham Nash contributed rhythm guitar and backing vocals to the ultimate dates of the tour. The album assembled within the aftermath of this incident, Time Fades Away (October 15, 1973), has usually been described by Younger as “[his] least favourite document”, and was not formally launched on CD till 2017 (as a part of Younger’s Official Launch Sequence). However, Younger and his band tried a number of new musical approaches on this interval. Time Fades Away, as an illustration, was recorded stay, though it was an album of latest materials, an strategy Younger would repeat with extra success afterward. Time was the primary of three consecutive business failures which might later change into identified collectively to followers because the “Ditch Trilogy”, as contrasted with the extra middle-of-the-road pop of Harvest.[68] These subsequent albums had been seen as tougher expressions of Younger’s interior conflicts on reaching success, expressing each the particular struggles of his buddies and himself, and the decaying idealism of his era in America on the time.

Younger in Austin, Texas, on November 9, 1976

Within the second half of 1973, Younger shaped The Santa Monica Flyers, with Loopy Horse’s rhythm part augmented by Nils Lofgren on guitar and piano and Harvest/Time Fades Away veteran Ben Keith on pedal metal guitar. Deeply affected by the drug-induced deaths of Whitten and roadie Bruce Berry, Younger recorded an album particularly impressed by the incidents, Tonight’s the Evening (June 20, 1975). The album’s darkish tone and rawness led Reprise to delay its launch and Younger needed to strain them for 2 years earlier than they’d accomplish that.[69] Whereas his document firm was stalling, Younger recorded one other album, On the Seashore (July 16, 1974), which introduced a extra melodic, acoustic sound at instances, together with a recording of the older tune “See the Sky About to Rain”, however handled equally darkish themes such because the collapse of Nineteen Sixties people beliefs, the draw back of success and the underbelly of the Californian way of life. Like Time Fades Away, it bought poorly however ultimately turned a vital favourite, presenting a few of Younger’s most unique work. A overview of the 2003 re-release on CD of On the Seashore described the music as “mesmerizing, harrowing, lucid, and bleary”.[70]

After finishing On the Seashore, Younger reunited with Harvest producer Elliot Mazer to document one other acoustic album, Homegrown. Many of the songs had been written after Younger’s breakup with Carrie Snodgress, and thus the tone of the album was considerably darkish. Although Homegrown was reportedly solely full, Younger determined, not for the primary or final time in his profession, to drop it and launch one thing else as an alternative, on this case, Tonight’s the Evening, on the suggestion of Band bassist Rick Danko.[71] Younger additional defined his transfer by saying: “It was a bit too private … it scared me”.[71] Many of the songs from Homegrown had been later integrated into different Younger albums whereas the unique album was not launched till 2020. Tonight’s the Evening, when lastly launched in 1975, bought poorly, as had the earlier albums of the “ditch” trilogy, and obtained blended evaluations on the time, however is now thought to be a landmark album. In Younger’s personal opinion, it was the closest he ever got here to artwork.[72]

Reunions, retrospectives and Rust By no means Sleeps (1974–1979)

Younger reunited with Crosby, Stills, and Nash after a four-year hiatus in the summertime of 1974 for a live performance tour which was partially recorded; highlights had been in the end launched in 2014 as CSNY 1974. It was one of many first ever stadium excursions, and the biggest tour during which Younger has participated up to now.[73]

In 1975, Younger reformed Loopy Horse with Frank Sampedro on guitar as his backup band for his eighth album, Zuma (November 10, 1975). Lots of the songs handled the theme of failed relationships; “Cortez the Killer”, a retelling of the Spanish conquest of Mexico from the perspective of the Aztecs, may additionally be heard as an allegory of affection misplaced. Zumas closing observe, “By way of My Sails”, was the one launched fragment from aborted periods with Crosby, Stills and Nash for an additional group album.

In 1976, Younger reunited with Stephen Stills for the album Lengthy Might You Run (September 20, 1976), credited to The Stills-Younger Band; the follow-up tour was ended halfway by way of by Younger, who despatched Stills a telegram that learn: “Humorous how some issues that begin spontaneously finish that approach. Eat a peach, Neil.”[74]

The Final Waltz, Younger (heart on left microphone) performing with Bob Dylan and The Band, amongst others in 1976

In 1976, Younger carried out with Bob Dylan, Joni Mitchell, and quite a few different rock musicians within the high-profile all-star live performance The Final Waltz, the ultimate efficiency by The Band. The discharge of Martin Scorsese’s film of the live performance was delayed whereas Scorsese unwillingly re-edited it to obscure the lump of cocaine that was clearly seen hanging from Younger’s nostril throughout his efficiency of “Helpless”.[75] American Stars ‘n Bars (June 13, 1977) contained two songs initially recorded for the Homegrown album, “Homegrown” and “Star of Bethlehem”, in addition to newer materials, together with the long run live performance staple “Like a Hurricane”. Performers on the document included Linda Ronstadt, Emmylou Harris and Younger protégé Nicolette Larson together with Loopy Horse. In 1977, Younger additionally launched the compilation Decade, a personally chosen set of songs spanning each side of his work, together with a handful of beforehand unreleased songs. The document included much less business album tracks alongside radio hits.

Comes a Time (October 2, 1978), Younger’s first solely new solo recording because the mid-Seventies, marked a return to the commercially accessible, Nashville-inspired sound of Harvest whereas additionally that includes contributions from Larson and Loopy Horse. The album additionally marked a return to his people roots, as exemplified by a canopy of Ian Tyson’s “4 Sturdy Winds”, a tune Younger related along with his childhood in Canada. One other of the album’s songs, “Lotta Love”, was additionally recorded by Larson, together with her model reaching No. 8 on the Billboard Scorching 100 in February 1979. In 1978, a lot of the filming was executed for Younger’s movie Human Freeway, which took its title from a tune featured on Comes a Time. Over 4 years, Younger would spend US$3,000,000 of his personal cash on manufacturing (US$11,903,571 in 2020 {dollars}[76]). This additionally marked the start of his transient collaboration with the artwork punk band Devo, whose members appeared within the movie.[77]

Younger set out in 1978 on the prolonged Rust By no means Sleeps tour, during which he performed a wealth of latest materials. Every live performance was divided right into a solo acoustic set and an electrical set with Loopy Horse. The electrical units, that includes an abrasive model of enjoying, had been influenced by the punk rock zeitgeist of the late Seventies and offered a stark distinction from Comes a Time.[78] Two new songs, the acoustic “My My, Hey Hey (Out of the Blue)” and electrical “Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black)” had been the centerpiece of the brand new materials. In the course of the filming of Human Freeway, Younger had collaborated with Devo on a cacophonous model of “Hey Hey, My My” on the Totally different Fur studio in San Francisco and would later introduce the tune to Loopy Horse.[79] The lyric “It is higher to burn out than to fade away” was broadly quoted by his friends and by critics.[79] The album has additionally broadly been thought-about a precursor of grunge music and plenty of grunge artists have stated they had been impressed by Younger’s distorted guitars on the B aspect to this album. Younger additionally in contrast the rise of Johnny Rotten with that of the lately deceased “King” Elvis Presley, who himself had as soon as been disparaged as a harmful affect solely to later change into an icon. Rotten returned the favor by enjoying considered one of Younger’s songs, “Revolution Blues” from On the Seashore, on a London radio present, an early signal of Younger’s eventual embrace by numerous punk-influenced different musicians.[80]

Younger’s two accompanying albums Rust By no means Sleeps (July 2, 1979; new materials culled from stay recordings, however that includes studio overdubs) and Stay Rust (November 19, 1979; a real live performance recording that includes previous and new materials) captured the 2 sides of the live shows, with solo acoustic songs on aspect A, and fierce, uptempo, electrical songs on aspect B. A film model of the live shows, additionally referred to as Rust By no means Sleeps (1979), was directed by Younger beneath the pseudonym “Bernard Shakey”. Younger labored with rock artist Jim Evans to create the poster artwork for the movie, utilizing the Star Wars Jawas as a theme. Younger’s work since Harvest had alternated between being rejected by mass audiences and being seen as backward-looking by critics, generally each directly, and now he was all of a sudden seen as related by a brand new era, who started to find his earlier work. Readers and critics of Rolling Stone voted him Artist of the 12 months for 1979 (together with The Who), chosen Rust By no means Sleeps as Album of the 12 months, and voted him Male Vocalist of the 12 months as properly.[81] The Village Voice named Rust By no means Sleeps because the yr’s second finest album within the Pazz & Jop Ballot, a survey of nationwide critics, and honored Younger because the Artist of the Decade. The Warner Music Imaginative and prescient launch on VHS of Rust By no means Sleeps in 1987 had a working time of 116 minutes, and though totally manufactured in Germany, was initially imported from there by the markets all through Europe.

Experimental years (1980–1988)

Initially of the Eighties, distracted by medical issues referring to the cerebral palsy of his son, Ben, Younger had little time to spend on writing and recording.[82] After offering the incidental music to the 1980 movie The place the Buffalo Roam, Younger launched Hawks & Doves (November 3, 1980), a brief document pieced collectively from periods going again to 1974.[82]

Re·ac·tor (1981), an electrical album recorded with Loopy Horse, additionally included materials from the Seventies.[83] Younger didn’t tour in help of both album; in whole, he performed just one present, a set on the 1980 Bread and Roses Pageant in Berkeley,[84] between the top of his 1978 tour with Loopy Horse and the beginning of his tour with the Trans Band in mid-1982.[citation needed]

The 80s had been actually good. The 80s had been like, artistically, very sturdy for me, as a result of I knew no boundaries and was experimenting with every thing that I may come throughout, generally with nice success, generally with horrible outcomes, however nonetheless I used to be ready to do that, and I used to be in a position to notice that I wasn’t in a field, and I needed to determine that.

— Neil Younger[85]

The 1982 album Trans, which integrated vocoders, synthesizers, and digital beats, was Younger’s first for the brand new label Geffen Data (distributed on the time by Warner Bros. Data, whose mum or dad Warner Music Group owns most of Younger’s solo and band catalog) and represented a definite stylistic departure. Younger later revealed that an inspiration for the album was the theme of expertise and communication with Ben, who couldn’t converse.[86] An in depth tour preceded the discharge of the album, and was documented by the video Neil Younger in Berlin, which noticed launch in 1986. MTV performed the video for “Pattern and Maintain” in mild rotation.

Younger enjoying in Barcelona, Spain, 1984

Younger’s subsequent album, 1983’s Everyone’s Rockin’, included a number of rockabilly covers and clocked in at lower than 25 minutes in size. Younger was backed by the Stunning Pinks for the supporting US tour. Trans (1982) had already drawn the ire of label head David Geffen for its lack of economic enchantment, and with Everyone’s Rockin following seven months later, Geffen Data sued Younger for making music “unrepresentative” of himself.[87] The album was additionally notable as the primary for which Younger made business music movies – Tim Pope directed the movies for “Wonderin'” and “Cry, Cry, Cry”. Additionally premiered in 1983, although little seen, was the long-gestating Human Freeway. Co-directed and co-written by Younger, the eclectic comedy starred Younger, Dean Stockwell, Russ Tamblyn, Dennis Hopper, David Blue, Sally Kirkland, Charlotte Stewart and members of Devo.[88]

Younger didn’t launch an album in 1984, his first unproductive yr since starting his profession with Buffalo Springfield in 1966. Younger’s lack of productiveness was largely because of the ongoing authorized battle with Geffen, though he was additionally pissed off that the label had rejected his 1982 nation album Previous Methods.[89] It was additionally the yr when Younger’s third baby was born, a woman named Amber Jean, who was later recognized with inherited epilepsy.[90]

Younger spent most of 1984 and all of 1985 touring for Previous Methods (August 12, 1985) along with his nation band, the Worldwide Harvesters. The album was lastly launched in an altered type halfway by way of 1985. Younger additionally appeared at that yr’s Stay Support live performance in Philadelphia, collaborating with Crosby, Stills and Nash for the quartet’s first efficiency for a paying viewers in over ten years.[citation needed]

Younger’s final two albums for Geffen had been extra standard within the style, though they integrated manufacturing methods like synthesizers and echoing drums that had been beforehand unusual in Younger’s music. Younger recorded 1986’s Touchdown on Water with out Loopy Horse however reunited with the band for the following year-long tour and ultimate Geffen album, Life, which emerged in 1987. Younger’s album gross sales dwindled steadily all through the eighties; right this moment Life stays his all-time-least profitable studio album, with an estimated 4 hundred thousand gross sales worldwide.[91]

Switching again to his previous label Reprise Data, Younger continued to tour relentlessly, assembling a brand new blues band referred to as The Bluenotes in mid-1987 (a authorized dispute with musician Harold Melvin pressured the eventual rechristening of the band as Ten Males Working halfway by way of the tour). The addition of a brass part offered a brand new jazzier sound, and the title observe of 1988’s This Be aware’s For You turned Younger’s first hit single of the last decade. Accompanied by a video that parodied company rock, the pretensions of promoting, and Michael Jackson, the tune was initially unofficially banned by MTV for mentioning the model names of a few of their sponsors. Younger wrote an open letter, “What does the M in MTV stand for: music or cash?” Regardless of this, the video was ultimately named finest video of the yr by the community in 1989.[92]

Younger reunited with Crosby, Stills, and Nash to document the 1988 album American Dream and play two profit live shows late within the yr, however the group didn’t embark upon a full tour.[citation needed]

Younger attracted criticism from liberals within the music business when he supported President Ronald Reagan, and stated: “I am bored with individuals consistently apologising for being Individuals.”[93] In a 1985 interview with Melody Maker, he stated in regards to the AIDS pandemic: “You go to a grocery store and also you see a faggot behind the fuckin’ money register, you do not need him to deal with your potatoes.”[94] Rolling Stone wrote in 2013 that “Younger virtually definitely regrets that horrific assertion and shortly moved away from right-wing politics”.[94] In the identical interview, Younger additionally complained about welfare beneficiaries, saying: “Cease being supported by the federal government and get out and work. You need to make the weak arise on one leg, or half a leg, no matter they have.”[95]

Return to prominence (1989–1999)

Younger performing in 1996 in Turku, Finland

Younger’s 1989 single “Rockin’ within the Free World”, which hit No. 2 on the US mainstream-rock charts, and accompanying the album, Freedom, returned Younger to the favored consciousness after a decade of sometimes-difficult style experiments. The album’s lyrics had been usually overtly political; “Rockin’ within the Free World” offers with homelessness, terrorism, and environmental degradation, implicitly criticizing the federal government insurance policies of President George H.W. Bush.[96]

The usage of heavy suggestions and distortion on a number of Freedom tracks was harking back to the Rust By no means Sleeps (1979) album and foreshadowed the approaching rise of grunge. The rising stars of the subgenre, together with Nirvana’s Kurt Cobain and Pearl Jam’s Eddie Vedder, continuously cited Younger as a serious affect, contributing to his in style revival. A tribute album referred to as The Bridge: A Tribute to Neil Younger was launched in 1989, that includes covers by a spread of other and grunge acts, together with Sonic Youth, Nick Cave, Soul Asylum, Dinosaur Jr, and the Pixies.

Younger’s 1990 album Ragged Glory, recorded with Loopy Horse in a barn on his Northern California ranch, continued this distortion-heavy aesthetic. Younger toured for the album with Orange County, California country-punk band Social Distortion and Sonic Youth as help, a lot to the consternation of a lot of his previous followers.[97] Weld, a two-disc stay album documenting the tour, was launched in 1991.[97] Sonic Youth’s affect was evident on Arc, a 35-minute collage of suggestions and distortion spliced collectively on the suggestion of Thurston Moore and initially packaged with some variations of Weld.[97]

1992’s Harvest Moon marked an abrupt return (prompted by Younger’s hyperacusis within the aftermath of the Weld tour) to the nation and folk-rock stylings of Harvest and reunited him with a few of the musicians from that album, together with the core members of the Stray Gators and singers Linda Ronstadt and James Taylor. The title observe was a minor hit, and the document was properly obtained by critics, profitable the Juno Award for Album of the 12 months in 1994. Younger additionally contributed to lifelong good friend Randy Bachman’s nostalgic 1992 tune “Prairie City”, and garnered a 1993 Academy Award nomination for his tune “Philadelphia”, from the soundtrack of the Jonathan Demme film of the identical title. An MTV Unplugged efficiency and album emerged in 1993. Later that yr, Younger collaborated with Booker T. and the M.G.s for a summer season tour of Europe and North America, with Blues Traveler, Soundgarden, and Pearl Jam additionally on the invoice. Some European reveals ended with a rendition of “Rockin’ within the Free World” performed with Pearl Jam, foreshadowing their eventual full-scale collaboration two years later.

Younger on stage in Barcelona

In 1994, Younger once more collaborated with Loopy Horse for Sleeps with Angels, a document whose darkish, somber temper was influenced by Kurt Cobain’s dying earlier that yr: the title observe particularly handled Cobain’s life and dying, with out mentioning him by title. Cobain had quoted Younger’s lyric “It is higher to burn out than fade away” (a line from “My My, Hey Hey”) in his suicide notice. Younger had reportedly made repeated makes an attempt to contact Cobain previous to his dying.[98] Younger and Pearl Jam carried out “Act of Love” at an abortion rights profit together with Loopy Horse, and had been current at a Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame dinner, sparking curiosity in a collaboration between the 2.[99] Nonetheless enamored with the grunge scene, Younger reconnected with Pearl Jam in 1995 for the live-in-the-studio album Mirror Ball and a tour of Europe with the band and producer Brendan O’Brien backing Younger. 1995 additionally marked Younger’s induction into the Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame, the place he was inducted by Eddie Vedder.

Younger has persistently demonstrated the unbridled ardour of an artist who understands that self-renewal is the one solution to keep away from burning out. For that reason, he has remained probably the most vital artists of the rock and roll period.

— Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame web site.[100][101]

In 1995, Younger and his supervisor Elliot Roberts based a document label, Vapor Data.[102] It has launched recordings by Tegan and Sara, Spoon, Jonathan Richman, Vic Chesnutt, Everest, Pegi Younger, Jets Overhead, and Younger himself, amongst others.[102]

Younger’s subsequent collaborative associate was filmmaker Jim Jarmusch, who requested Younger to compose a soundtrack to his 1995 black-and-white western movie Useless Man. Younger’s instrumental soundtrack was improvized whereas he watched the movie alone in a studio. The dying of longtime mentor, good friend, and producer David Briggs in late 1995 prompted Younger to reconnect with Loopy Horse the next yr for the album and tour Damaged Arrow. A Jarmusch-directed live performance movie and stay album of the tour, 12 months of the Horse, emerged in 1997. From 1996 to 1997 Younger and Loopy Horse toured extensively all through Europe and North America, together with a stint as a part of the H.O.R.D.E. Pageant’s sixth annual tour.

In 1998, Younger renewed his collaboration with the rock band Phish, sharing the stage on the annual Farm Support live performance after which at Younger’s Bridge College Profit, the place he joined headliners Phish for renditions of “Helpless” and “I Shall Be Launched”.[103] Phish declined Younger’s later invitation to be his backing band on his 1999 North American tour.[citation needed]

The last decade ended with the discharge in late 1999 of Trying Ahead, one other reunion with Crosby, Stills, and Nash. The following tour of the USA and Canada with the reformed quartet earned US$42.1 million, making it the eighth largest grossing tour of 2000.

Brush with dying (2000s)

Crosby, Stills, Nash & Younger carry out on the PNC Financial institution Arts Heart in 2006. (From L to R: Nash, Stills, Younger, and Crosby)

Neil Younger continued to launch new materials at a speedy tempo by way of the primary decade of the brand new millennium. The studio album Silver & Gold and stay album Highway Rock Vol. 1 had been launched in 2000 and had been each accompanied by stay live performance movies. His 2001 single “Let’s Roll” was a tribute to the victims of the September 11 assaults, and the efficient motion taken by the passengers and crew on Flight 93 particularly.[104]

In 2003, Younger launched Greendale, an idea album recorded with Loopy Horse members Billy Talbot and Ralph Molina. The songs loosely revolved across the homicide of a police officer in a small city in California and its results in town’s inhabitants.[105] Beneath the pseudonym “Bernard Shakey”, Younger directed an accompanying movie of the identical title, that includes actors lip-synching to the music from the album. He toured extensively with the Greendale materials all through 2003 and 2004, first with a solo, acoustic model in Europe, then with a full-cast stage present in North America, Japan, and Australia. Younger started utilizing biodiesel on the 2004 Greendale tour, powering his vans and tour buses with the gasoline. “Our Greendale tour is now ozone pleasant”, he stated. “I plan to proceed to make use of this authorities authorised and controlled gasoline completely any further to show that it’s potential to ship the products anyplace in North America with out utilizing overseas oil, whereas being environmentally accountable.”[106]

Stills and Younger performing collectively on the Crosby, Stills, Nash & Younger 2006 tour

In March 2005, whereas engaged on the Prairie Wind album in Nashville, Younger was recognized with a mind aneurysm. He was handled efficiently with a minimally invasive neuroradiological process, carried out in a New York hospital on March 29,[107] however two days afterwards he handed out on a New York avenue from bleeding from the femoral artery, which radiologists had used to entry the aneurysm.[108] The complication pressured Younger to cancel his scheduled look on the Juno Awards telecast in Winnipeg, however inside months he was again on stage, showing on the shut of the Stay 8 live performance in Barrie, Ontario, on July 2. In the course of the efficiency, he debuted a brand new tune, a mushy hymn referred to as “When God Made Me”. Younger’s brush with dying influenced Prairie Winds themes of retrospection and mortality.[109] The album’s stay premiere in Nashville was recorded by filmmaker Jonathan Demme within the 2006 movie Neil Younger: Coronary heart of Gold.[citation needed]

Activism, philanthropy and as a humanitarian

Younger’s renewed activism manifested itself within the 2006 album Residing with Battle, which just like the a lot earlier tune “Ohio”, was recorded and launched in lower than a month as a direct results of present occasions.[110] Many of the album’s songs rebuked the Bush administration’s coverage of warfare by inspecting its human prices to troopers, their family members, and civilians, however Younger additionally included just a few songs on different themes and an outright protest tune entitled “Let’s Impeach the President”,[111] during which he asserted that Bush had lied to guide the nation into warfare.

Whereas Younger had by no means been a stranger to eco-friendly lyrics, themes of environmentalist spirituality and activism turned more and more outstanding in his work all through the Nineteen Nineties and 2000s, particularly on Greendale (2003)[112] and Residing with Battle (2006).[113] The development continued on 2007’s Chrome Goals II, with lyrics exploring Younger’s private eco-spirituality.[114]

Younger stays on the board of administrators of Farm Support, a company he co-founded with Willie Nelson and John Mellencamp in 1985. In response to its web site, it’s the longest working live performance profit collection within the US and it has raised $43 million since its first profit live performance in 1985. Every year, Younger co-hosts and performs with well-known visitor performers who embrace Dave Matthews and producers who embrace Evelyn Shriver and Mark Rothbaum, on the Farm Support annual profit live shows to boost funds and supply grants to household farms and forestall foreclosures, present a disaster hotline, and create and promote dwelling grown farm meals in the USA.[115]

Younger performing in Oslo, Norway, in 2009

In 2008, Younger revealed his newest mission, the manufacturing of a hybrid-engine 1959 Lincoln referred to as LincVolt.[116] A brand new album loosely based mostly on the Lincvolt mission, Fork within the Highway, was launched on April 7, 2009.[117]

A Jonathan Demme live performance movie from a 2007 live performance on the Tower Theater in Higher Darby, Pennsylvania, referred to as the Neil Younger Trunk Present premiered on March 21, 2009, on the South by Southwest (SXSW) Movie Convention and Pageant in Austin, Texas. It was featured on the Cannes Movie Pageant on Might 17, 2009, and was launched within the US on March 19, 2010,[118] to vital acclaim.[119][120][121]

In 2009, Younger headlined the New Orleans Jazz and Heritage Pageant, and Glastonbury Pageant in Pilton, England,[122] at Arduous Rock Calling in London (the place he was joined onstage by Paul McCartney for a rendition of “A Day within the Life”) and, after years of unsuccessful reserving makes an attempt, the Isle of Wight Pageant.[123]

Younger has been a vocal opponent of the proposed Keystone XL oil pipeline, which might run from Alberta to Texas. When discussing the environmental affect on the oilsands of Fort McMurray, Alberta, Younger asserted that the world now resembles the Japanese metropolis of Hiroshima within the aftermath of the atomic bomb assault of World Battle II.[124] Younger has referred to points surrounding the proposed use of oil pipelines as “scabs on our lives”.[124] In an effort to change into extra concerned, Younger has labored straight with the Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation to attract consideration to this difficulty, performing profit live shows and talking publicly on the topic. In 2014, he performed 4 reveals in Canada devoted to the Honor the Treaties[125] motion, elevating cash for the Athabasca Chipewyan authorized protection fund.[126] In 2015, he and Willie Nelson held a pageant in Neligh, Nebraska, referred to as Harvest the Hope, elevating consciousness of the affect of oilsands and oil pipelines on Native Individuals and household farmers. Each obtained honors from leaders of the Rosebud, Oglala Lakota, Ponca and Omaha nations, and had been invested with sacred buffalo robes.[127]

Younger participated within the Blue Dot Tour, which was organized and fronted by environmental activist David Suzuki, and toured all 10 Canadian provinces alongside different Canadian artists together with the Barenaked Women, Feist, and Robert Bateman. The intent of Younger’s participation on this tour was to boost consciousness of the environmental harm brought on by the exploitation of oilsands. Younger has argued that the quantity of CO2 launched as a byproduct of oilsand oil extraction is equal to the quantity launched by the entire variety of vehicles in Canada every day.[128] Younger has confronted criticism by representatives from throughout the Canadian petroleum business, who’ve argued that his statements are irresponsible.[124] Younger’s opposition to the development of oil pipelines has influenced his music as properly. His tune, “Who’s Going to Stand Up?” was written to protest this difficulty, and options the lyric “Ban fossil gasoline and draw the road / Earlier than we construct yet another pipeline”.[124]

Along with straight criticizing members of the oil business, Younger has additionally targeted blame on the actions of the Canadian authorities for ignoring the environmental impacts of local weather change. He referred to Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper as “a humiliation to many Canadians … [and] a really poor imitation of the George Bush administration in the USA”.[128] Younger was additionally vital of Barack Obama’s authorities for failing to uphold the guarantees made concerning environmental insurance policies throughout his election marketing campaign.[128]

Younger recorded “A Rock Star Bucks a Espresso Store” in response to Starbucks’ potential involvement with Monsanto and use of genetically-modified meals.[129][130] The tune was included on his idea album referred to as The Monsanto Years.[131]

2010s

On January 22, 2010, Younger carried out “Lengthy Might You Run” on the ultimate episode of The Tonight Present with Conan O’Brien. On the identical night time, he and Dave Matthews carried out the Hank Williams tune “Alone and Forsaken”, for the Hope for Haiti Now: A International Profit for Earthquake Reduction charity telethon, in response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Younger additionally carried out “Lengthy Might You Run” on the closing ceremony of the 2010 Olympic winter video games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. In Might 2010, it was revealed Younger had begun engaged on a brand new studio album produced by Daniel Lanois. This was introduced by David Crosby, who stated that the album “might be a really heartfelt document. I anticipate it will likely be a really particular document.”[132] On Might 18, 2010, Younger embarked upon a North American solo tour to advertise his then upcoming album, Le Noise, enjoying a mixture of older songs and new materials. Though billed as a solo acoustic tour, Younger additionally performed some songs on electrical guitars, together with Previous Black.[133]

In September 2011, Jonathan Demme’s third documentary movie on the singer songwriter, Neil Younger Journeys, premiered on the Toronto Worldwide Movie Pageant.[134]

On January 22, 2012, the Grasp Class on the Slamdance Pageant featured Espresso with Neil Younger & Jonathan Demme discussing their movie Neil Younger Journeys. Younger stated that he had been recording with Loopy Horse, finishing one album and dealing on one other.[135]

Neil Younger and Loopy Horse carried out a model of The Beatles’ “I Noticed Her Standing There” for Paul McCartney’s MusiCares Particular person of the 12 months dinner on February 10, 2012, in Hollywood.[136]

Neil Younger with Loopy Horse launched the album Americana on June 5, 2012. It was Younger’s first collaboration with Loopy Horse because the Greendale album and tour in 2003 and 2004. The document is a tribute to unofficial nationwide anthems that jumps from an uncensored model of “This Land Is Your Land” to “Clementine” and features a model of “God Save the Queen”, which Younger grew up singing on daily basis in class in Canada.[137] Americana is Neil Younger’s first album composed solely of canopy songs. The album debuted at quantity 4 on the Billboard 200, making it Younger’s highest-charting album within the US since Harvest.[138] On June 5, 2012, American Songwriter additionally reported that Neil Younger and Loopy Horse can be launching their first tour in eight years in help of the album.[139]

On August 25, 2012, Younger was mistakenly reported lifeless by NBCNews.com, the day when astronaut Neil Armstrong died.[140]

On September 25, 2012, Younger’s autobiography Waging Heavy Peace: A Hippie Dream was launched to vital and business acclaim.[141] Reviewing the guide for the New York Instances, Janet Maslin reported that Younger selected to write down his memoirs in 2012 for 2 causes: he wanted to take a break from stage performances for well being causes however proceed to generate revenue; and he feared the onset of dementia, contemplating his father’s medical historical past and his personal current situation. Maslin praised the guide, describing it as frank however quirky and with out pathos.[142]

In November 2013, Younger carried out on the annual fundraiser for the Silverlake Conservatory of Music. Following the Purple Scorching Chili Peppers, he performed an acoustic set to a crowd who had paid a minimal of $2,000 a seat to attend the profit within the well-known Paramour Mansion overlooking downtown Los Angeles.[143]

Younger launched the album A Letter House on April 19, 2014, by way of Jack White’s document label, and his second memoir, entitled Particular Deluxe, which was launched on October 14.[144] He appeared with White on The Tonight Present Starring Jimmy Fallon on Might 12, 2014.[145]

The 2014 debut solo album by Chrissie Hynde, entitled Stockholm, featured Younger on guitar on the observe “Down the Fallacious Means”.[146]

Younger launched his thirty-fifth studio album, Storytone on November 4, 2014. The primary tune launched from the album, “Who’s Gonna Stand Up?”, was launched in three totally different variations on September 25, 2014.[147]

Storytone was adopted in 2015 by his idea album The Monsanto Years.[148] The Monsanto Years is an album themed each in help of sustainable farming, and to protest the biotechnology firm Monsanto.[149] Younger achieves this protest in a collection of lyrical sentiments towards genetically modified meals manufacturing. He created this album in collaboration with Willie Nelson’s sons, Lukas and Micah, and can also be backed by Lukas’s fellow band members from Promise of the Actual.[150] Moreover, Younger launched a movie in tandem to the album, (additionally entitled The Monsanto Years), that paperwork the album’s recording, and could be streamed on-line.[151] In August 2019, The Guardian reported Younger, amongst different environmental activists, was being spied on by the agency.[152]

In summer season 2015, Younger undertook a North America tour titled the Insurgent Content material Tour. The tour started on July 5, 2015, on the Summerfest in Milwaukee, Wisconsin and ended on July 24, 2015, on the Wayhome Pageant in Oro-Medonte, Ontario. Lukas Nelson & Promise of the Actual had been particular visitors for the tour.[153][154]

In October 2016, Younger carried out at Desert Journey in Indio, California,[155][156] and introduced his thirty-seventh studio album, Peace Path, recorded with drummer Jim Keltner and bass guitarist Paul Bushnell,[157] which was launched that December.

On September 8, 2017, Younger launched Hitchhiker, a studio LP recorded on August 11, 1976, at Indigo Studios in Malibu. The album options ten songs that Younger recorded accompanied by acoustic guitar or piano.[158] Whereas totally different variations of many of the songs have been beforehand launched, the brand new album will embrace two never-before-released songs: “Hawaii” and “Give Me Power”, which Younger has often carried out stay.[159]

On July 4, 2017, Younger launched the tune “Youngsters of Future” which would seem on his subsequent album. On November 3, 2017, Younger launched “Already Nice”, a tune from The Customer, an album he recorded with Promise of the Actual and launched on December 1, 2017.[160]

On December 1, 2017, Younger carried out stay in Omemee, Ontario, Canada, a city he had lived in as a toddler.[161]

On File Retailer Day, April 21, 2018, Warner Data launched a two-vinyl LP particular version of Roxy: Tonight’s the Evening Stay, a double stay album of a present that Younger carried out in September 1973 on the Roxy in West Hollywood, with the Santa Monica Flyers. The album is labeled as “Quantity 05” in Younger’s Efficiency Sequence.[162]

On October 19, 2018, Younger launched a stay model of his tune “Campaigner”, an excerpt from a forthcoming archival stay album titled Songs for Judy, which options solo performances recorded throughout a November 1976 tour with Loopy Horse. It is going to be the primary launch from his new label Shakey Footage Data.[163][164][165]

In November 2018, shortly after his dwelling had been destroyed by the California wildfire, Younger criticized President Donald Trump’s stance on local weather change.[166]

In December 2018, Younger criticized the promoters of a London present for choosing Barclays Financial institution as a sponsor. Younger objected to the financial institution’s affiliation with fossil fuels. Younger defined that he was making an attempt to rectify the scenario by discovering a special sponsor.[167]

Neil Younger was amongst a whole lot of artists whose materials was destroyed within the 2008 Common fireplace.[168]

On August 19, 2019, Neil Younger and Loopy Horse introduced the forthcoming launch later in August 2019 of the brand new tune “Rainbow of Colours”, the primary single from the album Colorado, Younger’s first new document with the band in seven years, since 2012’s Psychedelic Tablet. Younger, multi-instrumentalist Nils Lofgren, bassist Billy Talbot and drummer Ralph Molina recorded the brand new album with Younger’s co-producer, John Hanlon, in spring 2019. The ten new songs are starting from round 3 minutes to over 13 minutes. Colorado was launched on October 25, 2019[169][170] on Reprise Data. On August 30, 2019, Younger unveiled “Milky Means”, the primary tune from Colorado, a love ballad he had carried out a number of instances at live shows – each solo acoustic and with Promise of the Actual.[171]

2020s

In February 2020, Younger wrote an open letter to President Trump, calling him a “shame to my nation”.[172][173] On August 4, 2020, Younger filed a copyright infringement lawsuit towards Trump’s reelection marketing campaign for using his music at marketing campaign rallies.[174]

In April 2020, Younger introduced that he was engaged on a brand new archival album, Highway of A lot, comprising music made with Loopy Horse in 1986 and rehearsals for his 1989 Saturday Evening Stay look.[175] On June 19, Younger launched a “misplaced” album, Homegrown. He recorded it within the mid-Seventies following his breakup with Carrie Snodgress, however opted to not launch it on the time, feeling it was too private.[176] In September, Younger launched a stay EP, The Instances. Younger shared the information by way of his video for his new tune “Lookin’ for a Chief”, stating: “I invite the President to play this tune at his subsequent rally. A tune in regards to the emotions many people have about America right this moment.”[177]

In January 2021, Younger bought 50{ae90547d17d4d74b17007ee836a04674fd006933c139011dc78eb03c100070a7} of the rights to his again catalog to the British funding firm Hipgnosis Songs Fund. The worth was estimated to be at the least $150 million.[178][179] Younger and Loopy Horse launched a brand new album, Barn, on December 10, 2021. The primary single, “Tune of the Seasons”, was launched on October 15, adopted by “Welcome Again” on December 3, together with a music video. A stand-alone might be launched on Blu-ray and might be directed by Daryl Hannah.[180] Younger additionally confirmed that he had accomplished his third guide, Canary, his first work of fiction.[181]

On January 24, 2022, Younger posted an open letter threatening to take away his music from Spotify if they didn’t take away the podcast The Joe Rogan Expertise from their platform. The podcast, considered one of Spotify’s hottest, has been criticized for spreading COVID-19 misinformation. Younger wrote that “Spotify has a accountability to mitigate the unfold of misinformation on its platform”.[182] On January 26, Spotify eliminated Younger’s music; a spokesperson stated Spotify needed “all of the world’s music and audio content material to be accessible to Spotify customers” and that it had a “nice accountability in balancing each security for listeners and freedom for creators”.[182] The World Well being Group Director-Common Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus tweeted reward for Younger’s motion.[183] On January 28, Younger’s longtime good friend and fellow polio survivor Joni Mitchell additionally demanded that her music be faraway from Spotify in solidarity with “Neil Younger and the worldwide scientific and medical communities on this difficulty”.[184][185][183] NHS physician and writer Rachel Clarke tweeted: “Each Neil Younger & Joni Mitchell… know painfully properly how a lot hurt, struggling & avoidable dying anti-vaxxers could cause.”[184]

Archives mission

In an interview in 2008, Younger mentioned Toast, an album initially recorded with Loopy Horse in San Francisco in 2000 however by no means launched.[186]

On July 14, 2009, Younger’s first 4 solo albums had been reissued as remastered HDCD discs and digital downloads as discs 1–4 of the Authentic Launch Sequence of the Archives.[187]

As of 2019, Younger has launched a subscription web site and software the place all of his music is obtainable to stream in excessive decision audio. The Neil Younger Archives additionally embrace his newspaper, The Instances-Contrarian, The Hearse Theater, and pictures and memorabilia from all through his profession.[188]

Private life

Properties and residency

Younger’s household was from Manitoba, the place each his dad and mom had been born and married. Younger himself was born in Toronto, Ontario, and lived there at numerous instances in his formative years (1945, 1957, 1959–1960, 1966 to 1967), in addition to Omemee (1945 to 1952) and Pickering, Ontario (1956) earlier than settling along with his mom in Winnipeg, Manitoba (1958, 1960–1966), the place his music profession started and which he considers his “hometown”.[189] Younger has been exterior Canada since 1967. After turning into profitable, he purchased properties in California. He presently holds twin citizenship for Canada and the USA.[190][191]

Younger had a house in Malibu, California, which burned to the bottom within the 2018 Woolsey Hearth.[192]

Younger owned Damaged Arrow Ranch, a property of about 1,000 acres[193] close to La Honda, California, that he bought in 1970 for US$350,000 (US$2,332,434 in 2020 {dollars});[76] the property was subsequently expanded to hundreds of acres.[194][195] He moved out and gave Pegi Younger the ranch after their divorce in 2014. Younger’s son Ben lives there.[65]

Younger introduced in 2019 that his software for United States citizenship had been held up due to his use of marijuana, however the difficulty was resolved and he turned a United States citizen.[19]

Relationships and household

Younger married his first spouse, restaurant proprietor Susan Acevedo, in December 1968. They had been collectively till October 1970, when she filed for divorce.[196]

From late 1970 to 1975, Younger was in a relationship with actress Carrie Snodgress. The tune “A Man Wants a Maid” from Harvest is impressed by his seeing her within the movie Diary of a Mad Housewife. They met quickly afterward and he or she moved in with him on his ranch in northern California. They’ve a son, Zeke, who was born September 8, 1972. He has been recognized with cerebral palsy.[197][198]

Younger met future spouse Pegi Younger (née Morton) in 1974 when she was working as a waitress at a diner close to his ranch, a narrative he tells within the 1992 tune “Unknown Legend”. They married in August 1978[199] and had two youngsters collectively, Ben and Amber. Ben has been recognized with cerebral palsy,[198] and Amber has been recognized with epilepsy.[198] The couple had been musical collaborators and co-founded the Bridge College in 1986.[200][201] On July 29, 2014, Younger filed for divorce after 36 years of marriage.[65] Pegi died on January 1, 2019.[202]

Younger has been in a relationship with actress and director Daryl Hannah since 2014.[203] Younger and Hannah had been reported to have wed on August 25, 2018, in Atascadero, California.[204] Younger confirmed his marriage to Hannah in a video launched on October 31, 2018.[205]

Younger has been broadly reported to be the godfather of actress Amber Tamblyn;[206] in a 2009 interview with Parade, Tamblyn defined that “godfather” was “only a free time period” for Younger, Dennis Hopper, and Dean Stockwell, three well-known buddies of her father, Russ Tamblyn, who had been vital influences on her life.[207]

Charity work

Younger is an environmentalist[208] and outspoken advocate for the welfare of small farmers, having co-founded in 1985 the profit live performance Farm Support. He labored on LincVolt, the conversion of his 1959 Lincoln Continental to hybrid electrical expertise as an environmentalist assertion.[209][210] In 1986, Younger helped discovered The Bridge College,[211] an academic group for kids with extreme verbal and bodily disabilities, and its annual supporting Bridge College Profit live shows, collectively along with his former spouse Pegi Younger.[212]

Younger is a member of the Canadian charity Artists In opposition to Racism.[213]

Enterprise ventures

Younger was half proprietor of Lionel, LLC, an organization that makes toy trains and mannequin railroad equipment.[214] In 2008 Lionel emerged from chapter and his shares of the corporate had been worn out. He was instrumental within the design of the Lionel Legacy management system for mannequin trains,[214] and stays on the board of administrators of Lionel.[2] He has been named as co-inventor on seven US patents associated to mannequin trains.[215]

Younger has lengthy held that the digital audio codecs during which most individuals obtain music are deeply flawed, and don’t present the wealthy, heat sound of analog recordings. He claims to be conscious about the distinction, and compares it with having a shower in tiny ice cubes versus bizarre water.[216] Younger and his firm PonoMusic developed Pono, a music obtain service and devoted music participant specializing in “high-quality” uncompressed digital audio.[217] It was designed to compete towards extremely compressed MP3 sort codecs. Pono promised to current songs “as they first sound throughout studio recording”.[218][219][220] The service and the sale of the participant had been launched in October 2014.[221][222]

Devices

Guitars

Younger enjoying a Gretsch White Falcon in Cologne, June 19, 2009

In 2003, Rolling Stone listed Younger as eighty-third in its rating of “The 100 Biggest Guitarists of All Time” (though in a more moderen model of the record, he has been moved as much as seventeenth place), describing him as a “stressed experimenter … who remodel[s] the obvious music into one thing revelatory”.[223] Younger is a collector of second-hand guitars, however in recording and performing, he makes use of continuously only a few devices, as is defined by his longtime guitar technician Larry Cragg within the movie Neil Younger: Coronary heart of Gold. They embrace:
a late Fifties Gretsch White Falcon bought by Younger close to the top of the Buffalo Springfield period. In 1969, he purchased a stereo model of the identical classic guitar from Stephen Stills, and this instrument is featured prominently throughout Younger’s early Seventies interval, and could be heard on tracks like “Ohio”, “Southern Man”, “Alabama”, “Phrases (Between the Traces of Age)”, and “L.A.”. It was Younger’s main electrical guitar throughout the Harvest (1972) period, since Younger’s deteriorating again situation (ultimately mounted with surgical procedure) made enjoying the a lot heavier Les Paul (a favorite of his named Previous Black) troublesome.[224]

Reed organ

Younger owns a restored Estey reed organ, serial quantity 167272, courting from 1885, which he continuously performs in live performance.[225]

Crystallophone

Younger owns a glass harmonica, which he performed within the recording of “I Do” on his 2019 album Colorado.[226]

Amplification

Younger makes use of numerous classic Fender Tweed Deluxe amplifiers. His most popular amplifier for electrical guitar is the Fender Deluxe, particularly a Tweed-era mannequin from 1959. He bought his first classic Deluxe in 1967 for US$50 (US$388 in 2020 {dollars}[76]) from Sol Betnun Music on Larchmont in Hollywood and has since acquired almost 450 totally different examples, all from the identical period, however he maintains that it’s the unique mannequin that sounds superior and is essential to his trademark sound.[227]

The Tweed Deluxe is sort of at all times used along with a late-Fifties Magnatone 280 (just like the amplifier utilized by Lonnie Mack and Buddy Holly). The Magnatone and the Deluxe are paired collectively in an uncommon method: the exterior speaker jack from the Deluxe sends the amped sign by way of a quantity potentiometer and straight into the enter of the Magnatone. The Magnatone is notable for its true pitch-bending vibrato capabilities. It may be heard as an electrical piano amplifier on “See the Sky About to Rain”. A notable and distinctive accent to Younger’s Deluxe is the Whizzer, a tool created particularly for Younger by Rick Davis, which bodily adjustments the amplifier’s settings to pre-set combos. This system is related to footswitches operable by Younger onstage within the method of an results pedal. Tom Wheeler’s guide Soul of Tone highlights the system on web page 182/183.[228]

Discography

  • Neil Younger (1968)
  • Everyone Is aware of This Is Nowhere with Loopy Horse (1969)
  • After the Gold Rush (1970)
  • Harvest (1972)
  • Time Fades Away (1973, stay)
  • On the Seashore (1974)
  • Tonight’s the Evening (1975)
  • Zuma with Loopy Horse (1975)
  • Lengthy Might You Run with Stephen Stills (1976)
  • American Stars ‘n Bars (1977)
  • Comes a Time (1978)
  • Rust By no means Sleeps with Loopy Horse (1979, stay)
  • Hawks & Doves (1980)
  • Re·ac·tor with Loopy Horse (1981)
  • Trans (1982)
  • Everyone’s Rockin’ with the Stunning Pinks (1983)
  • Previous Methods (1985)
  • Touchdown on Water (1986)
  • Life with Loopy Horse (1987, stay)
  • This Be aware’s for You with The Bluenotes (1988)
  • Freedom (1989)
  • Ragged Glory with Loopy Horse (1990)
  • Harvest Moon (1992)
  • Sleeps with Angels with Loopy Horse (1994)
  • Mirror Ball with Pearl Jam (1995)
  • Damaged Arrow with Loopy Horse (1996)
  • Silver & Gold (2000)
  • Are You Passionate? with Booker T. & the M.G.’s (2002)
  • Greendale with Loopy Horse (2003)
  • Prairie Wind (2005)
  • Residing with Battle (2006)
  • Residing with Battle: “Within the Starting” (2006)
  • Chrome Goals II (2007)
  • Fork within the Highway (2009)
  • Le Noise (2010)
  • Americana with Loopy Horse (2012)
  • Psychedelic Tablet with Loopy Horse (2012)
  • A Letter House (2014)
  • Storytone (2014)
  • The Monsanto Years with Promise of the Actual (2015)
  • Peace Path (2016)
  • Earth (2016)
  • Hitchhiker recorded 1976 (2017)
  • The Customer with Promise of the Actual (2017)
  • Colorado with Loopy Horse (2019)
  • Homegrown recorded 1974–75 (2020)
  • Barn with Loopy Horse (2021)

Affect and awards

Younger’s star on Canada’s Stroll of Fame

As one of many unique founders of Farm Support (1985–), he stays an energetic member of the board of administrators. For one weekend every October, in Mountain View, California, Younger and his ex-wife hosted the Bridge College Concert events, which drew worldwide expertise and sell-out crowds for almost 20 years. He introduced in June 2017, nevertheless, that he would now not host the live shows.[229]

Rolling Stone journal in 2000, ranked Younger thirty-fourth in its record of the 100 best artists of all time.[230] In 2000, Younger was inducted into Canada’s Stroll of Fame.[231]

In 2003, Rolling Stones 500 Biggest Albums of All Time record included After the Gold Rush at quantity 71,[232] Harvest at quantity 78,[233] Déjà Vu (with Crosby, Stills, Nash & Younger) at quantity 148,[234] Everyone Is aware of This Is Nowhere at quantity 208,[235] Tonight’s the Evening at quantity 331,[236] and Rust By no means Sleeps at quantity 350.[237] And in 2004, on their 500 Biggest Songs of All Time record, Rolling Stone included “Rockin’ within the Free World” at quantity 214, “Coronary heart of Gold” at quantity 297,[238] “Cortez the Killer” at quantity 321, and “Ohio” (with Crosby, Stills, Nash & Younger) at quantity 385.[239]

In 2006, when Paste journal compiled a “Biggest Residing Songwriters” record, Younger was ranked second behind Bob Dylan. (Whereas Younger and Dylan have often performed collectively in live performance, they’ve by no means collaborated on a tune collectively or performed on one another’s data). He ranked thirty-ninth on VH1’s 100 Biggest Artist of Arduous Rock that very same yr. The Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame defined that whereas Younger has “averted sticking to 1 model for very lengthy, the unifying components all through Younger’s peripatetic musical journey have been his unmistakable voice, his uncooked and expressive guitar enjoying, and his consummate songwriting ability.”[100]

In response to Acclaimed Music, Younger is the seventh-most celebrated artist in in style music historical past.[7]

After the Gold Rush, Harvest, Déjà Vu, and “Ohio” have all been inducted into the Grammy Corridor of Fame.[240]

Younger’s political outspokenness and social consciousness influenced artists equivalent to Blind Melon, Phish, Pearl Jam, and Nirvana. Younger is known as “the Godfather of Grunge” due to the affect he had on Kurt Cobain and Eddie Vedder and your complete grunge motion. Vedder inducted Younger into the Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame in 1995, citing him as an enormous affect. Younger is cited as being a major affect on the experimental rock group Sonic Youth, and Thom Yorke of Radiohead. Yorke recounted of first listening to Younger after sending a demo tape into {a magazine} when he was 16, who favorably in contrast his singing voice to Younger’s. Unaware of Younger at the moment, he purchased After the Gold Rush (1970), and “instantly fell in love” along with his work, calling it “extraordinary”.[241]

The Australian rock group Powderfinger named themselves after Younger’s tune “Powderfinger” from Rust By no means Sleeps (1979). The members of the Constantines have often performed Neil Younger tribute reveals beneath the title Horsey Craze.[242]

Jason Bond, an East Carolina College biologist, found a brand new species of trapdoor spider in 2007 and named it Myrmekiaphila neilyoungi after Younger,[243] his favourite singer.[244]

In 2001, Younger was awarded the Spirit of Liberty award by the civil liberties group Folks for the American Means. Younger was honored because the MusiCares Particular person of the 12 months on January 29, 2010, two nights previous to the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards. He was additionally nominated for 2 Grammy Awards: Finest Solo Rock Vocal Efficiency for “Fork within the Highway” and Finest Boxed or Particular Restricted Version Package deal for Neil Younger Archives Vol. 1 (1963–1972). Younger received the latter Grammy Award. In 2010, he was ranked No. 26 in Gibson.com’s High 50 Guitarists of All Time.[245]

Different honors embrace:

  • Canadian Music Corridor of Fame, 1982
  • Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame He has been inducted into the Rock and Roll Corridor of Fame twice: first in 1995 for his solo work and in 1997 as a member of Buffalo Springfield.
  • In 2006, Artist of the 12 months by the American Music Affiliation.[246]

Albums recorded in tribute to Younger by numerous artists embrace:

  • 1989 – The Bridge: A Tribute to Neil Younger, Caroline
  • 1994 – Borrowed Tunes: A Tribute to Neil Younger, Sony Music Canada, 2xCD acoustic and electrical
  • 1999 – This Be aware’s for You Too!: A Tribute to Neil Younger, Inbetweens Data 2xCD
  • 2000 – Getting’ Excessive on Neil Younger: A Bluegrass Tribute, CMH Data (similar as 1998 entry)
  • 2001 – Everyone Is aware of This Is Norway: A Norwegian Tribute to Neil Younger, Swap Off Data
  • 2001 – Mirrorball Songs – A Tribute to Neil Younger, SALD, Japan
  • 2006 – Headed for the Ditch: a Michigan Tribute to Neil Younger, Decrease Peninsula Data 2xLP
  • 2007 – Borrowed Tunes II: A Tribute to Neil Younger, 2xCD acoustic and electrical, Common Music Canada 2xCD
  • 2007 – Like A Hurricane (16-track tribute album supplied with the December 2007 difficulty of Uncut Journal)
  • 2008 – Extra Barn – A Tribute to Neil Younger, Slothtrop Music
  • 2008 – Cinnamon Woman – Ladies Artists Cowl Neil Younger for Charity, American Laundromat Data 2xCD
  • 2012 – Music Is Love: A Singer-Songwriter Tribute to the Music of CSNY Route 66 2xCD

Grammy Awards

12 months Nominee / work Award Consequence
1990 Freedom Finest Male Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
1991 “Rockin’ within the Free World” Finest Male Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
1994 “Harvest Moon” File of the 12 months Nominated
Tune of the 12 months Nominated
“My Again Pages” Finest Rock Efficiency by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated
1995 “Philadelphia” Finest Male Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
Sleeps with Angels Finest Rock Album Nominated
1996 “Peace and Love” Finest Male Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
“Downtown” Finest Rock Tune Nominated
Mirror Ball Finest Rock Album Nominated
Finest Recording Package deal Nominated
1997 Damaged Arrow Finest Rock Album Nominated
2006 “The Painter” Finest Solo Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
Prairie Wind Finest Rock Album Nominated
2007 “Lookin’ for a Chief” Finest Solo Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
Finest Rock Tune Nominated
Residing with Battle Finest Rock Album Nominated
2009 “No Hidden Path” Finest Solo Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
2010 “Fork within the Highway” Finest Solo Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
The Archives Vol. 1 1963–1972 Finest Boxed or Particular Restricted Version Package deal Gained
Neil Younger MusiCares Particular person of the 12 months Gained
2011 “Indignant World” Finest Solo Rock Vocal Efficiency Nominated
Finest Rock Tune Gained
Le Noise Finest Rock Album Nominated
2014 Psychedelic Tablet Finest Rock Album Nominated
2015 A Letter House Finest Boxed or Particular Restricted Version Package deal Nominated

Juno Awards

12 months Nominee / work Award Consequence
2011 Artist of the 12 months Neil Younger Gained
Grownup Various Album of the 12 months Le Noise Gained
2008 Grownup Various Album of the 12 months Chrome Goals II Nominated
2007 Grownup Various Album of the 12 months Residing With Battle Gained
2006 Grownup Various Album of the 12 months Prairie Wind Nominated
Jack Richardson Producer of the 12 months “The Painter” Gained
Songwriter of the 12 months “The Painter”, “When God Made Me”, “Prairie Wind” Nominated
2001 Finest Male Artist Neil Younger Gained
Finest Roots & Conventional Album – Solo Silver & Gold Nominated
1997 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1996 Finest Rock Album Mirror Ball Nominated
Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1995 Songwriter of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Gained
Entertainer of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1994 Single of the 12 months “Harvest Moon” Nominated
Album of the 12 months Harvest Moon Gained
1993 Songwriter of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1991 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1990 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1989 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1986 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1982 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1981 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1980 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1979 Male Vocalist of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated
1975 Composer of the 12 months Neil Younger Nominated

MTV Video Music Awards

12 months Nominee / work Award Consequence
1984 “Wonderin'” Most Experimental Video Nominated
1989 “This Be aware’s for You” Video of the 12 months Gained
Viewer’s Alternative Award Nominated

See additionally

  • Canadian rock
  • Checklist of peace activists
  • Music of Canada

Notes

Sources

  • Chong, Kevin (2005). Neil Younger nation: a quest, an obsession, and a real story. Vancouver, Berkeley, California: Greystone Books. ISBN 978-1-55365-116-1. OCLC 61261394.
  • Downing, David (1994). A dreamer of images: Neil Younger – the person and his music. London: Bloomsbury Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7475-1499-2. OCLC 59833966.
  • Dufrechou, Carole (1978). Neil Younger. London: Fast Fox. ISBN 978-0-8256-3917-3. OCLC 4168835.
  • Echard, William (2005). Neil Younger and the Poetics of Vitality. Bloomington: Indiana College Press. ISBN 978-0-253-21768-4.
  • Einarson, John (1992). Neil Younger: do not be denied: the Canadian years. Kingston, Ontario: Quarry Press. ISBN 978-1-55082-044-7. OCLC 26802024.
  • George-Warren, Holly (1994). Neil Younger, the Rolling stone information: the last word compendium of interviews, articles, info, and opinions from the information of Rolling stone. New York: Hyperion. ISBN 978-0-7868-8043-0. OCLC 30074289.
  • Hardy, Phil; Laing, Dave (1990). The Faber companion to Twentieth-century in style music. London, Boston: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-13837-1. OCLC 28673718.
  • Heatley, Michael (1997). Neil Younger: in his personal phrases. London, New York: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-7119-6161-6. OCLC 38727767.
  • McDonough, Jimmy (2002). Shakey: Neil Younger’s Biography. New York Metropolis, NY: Random Home. ISBN 978-0-679-42772-8. OCLC 47844513.
  • McKay, George (2009) “‘Crippled with nerves”: in style music and polio’. Fashionable Music 28:3, 341–365.
  • McKay, George (2013) Shakin’ All Over: Fashionable Music and Incapacity. Ann Arbor: College of Michigan Press.
  • Rogan, Johnny (2000). Neil Younger: Zero to Sixty: A Vital Biography. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-0-9529540-4-0. OCLC 47997606.
  • Simmons, Sylvie (2001). Neil Younger: reflections in damaged glass. Edinburgh: Mojo. ISBN 978-1-84195-084-6. OCLC 48844799.
  • Skinker, Chris (1998). “Neil Younger”. In Kingsbury, Paul (ed.). The encyclopedia of nation music: the last word information to the music. New York: Oxford College Press. p. 607. ISBN 978-0-19-511671-7. OCLC 38106066.
  • Taylor, Steve (2006). A to X of Various Music. Continuum. ISBN 978-0-8264-8217-4.
  • Williamson, Nigel (2002). Journey By way of the Previous: The Tales Behind the Traditional Songs of Neil Younger. Hal Leonard. ISBN 978-0-87930-741-7.
  • Younger, Neil; Mazzeo, James (2004). Greendale. London: Sanctuary. ISBN 978-1-86074-622-2. OCLC 57247591.
  • Younger, Neil (2014). Particular Deluxe: A Memoir of Life & Vehicles. Blue Rider Press. ISBN 978-0-399-17208-3.
  • Younger, Neil (2013). Waging Heavy Peace: A Hippie Dream. Plume. ISBN 978-0-14-218031-0.
  • Younger, Scott (1997). Neil and Me. Toronto: McClelland & Stewart. ISBN 978-0-7710-9099-8. OCLC 36337856.

  • Official archive with uncommon recordings
  • Neil Younger at IMDb
  • Neil Younger discography at Discogs


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