Tommy is a 1975 British satirical operetta fantasy drama movie written and directed by Ken Russell and primarily based upon The Who’s 1969 rock opera album Tommy a couple of “psychosomatically deaf, mute, and blind” boy who turns into a pinball champion and spiritual chief.[5] The movie featured a star-studded ensemble forged, together with the band members themselves (most notably, lead singer Roger Daltrey, who performs the title position), Ann-Margret, Oliver Reed, Eric Clapton, Tina Turner, Elton John, and Jack Nicholson.

An unbiased manufacturing by Russell and Robert Stigwood, Tommy was launched by Columbia Footage within the US on 19 March 1975 whereas within the UK it was launched on 26 March 1975. Ann-Margret obtained a Golden Globe Award for her efficiency and was additionally nominated for the Academy Award for Finest Actress. Pete Townshend was additionally nominated for an Oscar for his work in scoring and adapting the music for the movie. The movie was proven on the 1975 Cannes Movie Competition, however was not entered into the principle competitors.[6] In 1975, the movie gained the award for Rock Film of the 12 months within the First Annual Rock Music Awards.[7]


Within the prologue, set in 1945, a montage shows the honeymoon of Captain Walker and his spouse, Nora (“Prologue – 1945”). After his go away ends, Walker goes off to battle in World Warfare II as a bomber pilot, however is shot down throughout a mission. “Captain Walker” is listed as lacking in motion and is presumed lifeless, though—unknown to his household—the badly burnt Walker continues to be alive. Again in England, Nora goes into labour and provides beginning to a son, Tommy, on V-E Day (“Captain Walker/It is a Boy”). 5 years later, Nora has begun a brand new relationship with Frank, a employee she and Tommy meet on trip. Tommy appears as much as his “Uncle” Frank who expresses his wishes to run his personal vacation camp sometime (“Bernie’s Vacation Camp”). Within the Nineteen Fifties, Nora and Frank dream of their future (“1951 / What In regards to the Boy?”), however, late that night, the returning Captain Walker surprises the couple in mattress, resulting in a wrestle the place Frank kills the Captain (within the authentic album synopsis, the Captain kills Frank).[8] The warmth of the second panics Tommy right into a psychedelia-like “Wonderful Journey”, the place he outwardly seems “deaf, dumb, and blind”.

Over time, Nora and Frank make a number of fruitless makes an attempt to carry the now older Tommy out of his state (“Eyesight to the Blind” / “The Acid Queen”) and place him with some questionable babysitters (“Cousin Kevin” / “Fiddle About”). They develop into more and more torpid on the lack of impact and go away Tommy standing on the mirror one evening, permitting him to wander away. He follows a imaginative and prescient of himself to a junkyard pinball machine. Tommy is acknowledged by Frank and the media as a pinball prodigy (“Further, Further, Further”), which is made much more spectacular along with his catatonic state. Throughout a championship sport, Tommy faces the “Pinball Wizard” with The Who because the backing band. Nora watches her son’s televised victory and celebrates his (and her) success and luxurious, however finds she will’t totally get pleasure from it due to Tommy’s excessive situation (“Champagne”).

Frank finds a specialist for Tommy (“There is a Physician”) who concludes that Tommy’s state is triggered emotionally somewhat than bodily and explains the one hope is to proceed having Tommy face his reflection (“Go to the Mirror!”). An more and more annoyed Nora promptly throws Tommy by way of the mirror (“Smash the Mirror!”) inflicting him to snap to full consciousness and run away momentarily (“I am Free”). Tommy reveals that his experiences have remodeled him and decides that he needs to rework the world (“Mom and Son” / “Miracle Remedy”).

Tommy goes on lecture excursions that resemble glam-rock gospel exhibits and spreads a message of enlightenment by grasp glider, gaining buddies and followers all over the place he goes (“Sally Simpson” / “Sensation”). Tommy and a extra enlightened and elated Nora and Frank welcome converts to their home, which rapidly turns into too crowded to accommodate everybody. Tommy opens an extension for his non secular campus (“Welcome” / “Tommy’s Vacation Camp”).

The converts, confused about Tommy’s odd practices and his household’s business exploitation of the compound, wrathfully demand Tommy train them one thing helpful. Tommy does so, intentionally deafening, muting, and blinding everybody, solely to inadvertently invoke a riot. The followers kill Nora and Frank and destroy the camp in a fireplace (“We’re Not Gonna Take It”). Tommy finds his mother and father within the particles and mourns earlier than escaping into the mountains from the start of the movie. He ascends the identical peak the place his mother and father celebrated their honeymoon, celebrating the rising solar (“Listening to You”).[9]


  • Ann-Margret as Nora Walker, Tommy’s mom who’s obsessive about glamour and luxurious.
  • Oliver Reed as “Uncle” Frank Hobbs, Nora’s brute boyfriend with a (refined) gentle facet.
  • Roger Daltrey as Tommy Walker, a catatonic lad who develops messianic delusions.
    • Barry Winch as younger Tommy and Alison Dowling as younger Tommy’s singing voice.
  • Elton John as The Pinball Wizard, the cocky pinball champion of the world in 7-foot excessive boots.
  • Tina Turner as The Acid Queen, an erratic prostitute who offers in prophetic LSD.
  • Eric Clapton as The Preacher, the chief of a Marilyn Monroe-themed cult.
  • Keith Moon as Uncle Ernie, Frank’s clownish perverted pimp good friend.
  • Paul Nicholas as Cousin Kevin, Tommy’s sadomasochist relative with a biker punk aesthetic.
  • Jack Nicholson as The Specialist/Dr A. Quackson, a health care provider who helps in curing Tommy and who enchants Nora.
  • Robert Powell as Group Captain Walker, Nora’s Royal Air Drive pilot late husband.
  • Pete Townshend, John Entwistle and Keith Moon as Themselves as The Who throughout “Pinball Wizard”
    • Townshend additionally acts as Narrator throughout “Wonderful Journey”, “Sally Simpson” and “Sensation”
      • Townshend’s brother, Simon Townshend, narrates throughout the “Further, Further, Further” interludes.
  • Arthur Brown as The Priest, a manic assistant to The Preacher.
  • Victoria Russell as Sally Simpson, a Tommy fan-girl who sneaks to a live performance and will get maimed.
  • Ben Aris as Rev. A. Simpson V. C. and Mary Holland as Mrs. Simpson, Sally’s conservative, non secular mother and father.
  • Imogen Claire as Specialist’s nurse
  • Ken Russell cameos as certainly one of Marilyn’s followers and ultimately certainly one of Tommy’s. He’s seen in a wheelchair.



Tommy was written in 1968 and recorded by the Who in 1969.[10] Three years later a model of the opera was recorded by the London Symphony Orchestra. The 2 albums bought ten million copies between them.[11]

Movie rights had been purchased by Robert Stigwood who secured financing from Columbia. Beryl Vertue of the Stigwood Organisation was government producer. Stigwood additionally organized for Ken Russell to direct.[12]

Russell admitted he didn’t just like the music – he disliked rock music normally – however he cherished the theme of the movie, being a couple of messiah.[13]

In line with Russell, a number of scripts had been written by the point he got here on the mission. He later wrote “some had been nicely written, some weren’t, however all of them had one factor in frequent – a giant damaging. They weren’t a couple of deaf dumb and blind boy’s religious journey from darkness to mild.”[14]

Russell did up his personal remedy of the story as he noticed it. He mentioned “This under no circumstances deviated from his [Townshend’s] authentic however plugged within the gaps the place I discovered the story obscure or simply non existent.”[14] Russell mentioned Townshend favored most of his solutions and wrote new materials.

Russell and Townshend labored on the movie collectively for a 12 months.[3][15] Russell had been engaged on a script referred to as The Angels, which was to star Mia Farrow a couple of pop star referred to as Poppy Day who turns into a messianic determine, and reworked a few of that script’s sequences for Tommy. He additionally used scenes from one other unfilmed script of his, Music Music Music a couple of composer who writes music for TV commercials (this become what grew to become often called the “baked beans” scene with Ann Margret).[16] Russell made a number of modifications to the story:

  • Within the authentic story, Tommy’s father returns and murders the lover. Within the movie, the daddy is the homicide sufferer.
  • Each Tommy’s mom and lover are complicit within the homicide.[11]
  • The story’s setting is shifted ahead, in order that the finale takes place within the early Nineteen Seventies (present-day when the movie was launched). The music “1921” is modified to “1951” to accommodate this.


It was introduced that Roger Daltrey would play Tommy and Keith Moon would play Uncle Ernie. Numerous rumours unfold over who would play different forged members with names resembling David Bowie, Elton John, Barbra Streisand and Mick Jagger being talked about.[17]

Daltrey was forged at Russell’s particular request, over the needs of Daltrey’s personal administration.[18]

In December it was introduced Ann-Margret would play Tommy’s mom.[19] Ann-Margret was forged as a result of, in response to Russell, “I wanted an excellent singer.”[3]

Jagger was reportedly supplied the position of The Acid Queen however insisted on singing three of his personal songs so the position was given to Tina Turner.[20]

Jack Nicholson agreed to play a small position as a result of “Russell’s movies intrigue me, some I like very a lot, some I do not like in any respect, and I need to discover out what makes them tick.”[21]

Russell says Pete Townshend wished Tiny Tim to play Pinball Wizard however Stigwood overruled him.[22] Elton John initially turned down the position of the Pinball Wizard and amongst these thought of to switch him was David Essex, who recorded a take a look at audio model of the “Pinball Wizard” music. Nevertheless, producer Robert Stigwood held out till John agreed to take the half, reportedly given that he might maintain the big Dr. Martens boots he wore within the scene.[23]


Filming began April 1974 and passed off over twelve weeks. In his commentary for the 2004 DVD launch of the movie, Ken Russell said that the opening and shutting outside scenes had been shot within the Borrowdale valley of the English Lake District, close to his own residence, the identical space that he had used to double for rural Austria and Bohemia in his earlier movie Mahler, during which Robert Powell had starred.

A lot of the movie was shot on places round Portsmouth, together with the scene close to the tip of the movie that includes the enormous ‘pinballs’, which had been, in truth, out of date buoys present in a British Navy yard, which had been merely sprayed silver and filmed in situ. The Bernie’s Vacation Camp ballroom sequence was shot contained in the Gaiety Theatre on South Parade Pier. Exterior pictures had been filmed at Hilsea Lido[24] (Russell had labored there earlier than making The Boy Buddy).[25] The Sally Simpson inside sequence was filmed within the Wesley Corridor in Fratton Street, Portsmouth. The outside intro sequence to the scene, nonetheless, exhibits Sally Simpson shopping for a badge and getting into South Parade Pier.

On 11 June 1974, the pier caught hearth and was badly broken whereas the manufacturing was filming there. In line with Russell, the hearth began throughout the filming of the scene of Ann-Margret and Oliver Reed dancing collectively throughout the “Bernie’s Vacation Camp” sequence; smoke from the hearth will be seen drifting in entrance of the digicam in a number of pictures. Russell additionally used a short exterior shot of the constructing totally ablaze throughout the scenes of the destruction of Tommy’s Vacation Camp by his disillusioned followers.[23][26]

The Pinball Wizard sequence was shot on the Kings Theatre in Southsea and the 2 pinball machines used had been a 1965 Kings & Queens by Gottlieb—utilized by Roger Daltrey—and a Gottlieb Buckaroo additionally from 1965, utilized by Elton John. The machines’ scoring shows had been modified from their originals for the scene, to accommodate for big scores.[27] Others on Portsdown Hill, which overlooks Portsmouth and native church buildings had been used. All Saints in Industrial Street was used for the Sally Simpson wedding ceremony scene, while the assembly in the identical sequence was filmed on the Wesley Corridor in Fratton Street. The Eyesight to the Blind sequence was filmed at St Andrews Church in Henderson Street in Southsea. The opposite church featured was Warblington Church close to Havant in Hampshire.

The well-known scene during which Ann-Margret’s character hallucinates that she is cavorting in detergent foam, baked beans, and chocolate reportedly took three days to shoot. In line with Russell, the detergent and baked bean sequences had been “revenge” parodies of real-life TV commercials he had directed early in his profession, though the baked bean sequence additionally references one of many cowl photographs and a parody radio advert from The Who’s 1967 album The Who Promote Out. Russell additionally recalled that Ann-Margret’s husband, Roger Smith, strongly objected to the scene during which she slithers round in melted chocolate.

Throughout the filming, Ann-Margret unintentionally struck her hand on the damaged glass of the TV display screen, inflicting a extreme laceration, and Russell needed to take her to hospital to have the wound stitched, though she was again on set the subsequent day.[23] The movie additionally features a scene during which Mrs. Walker watches a parodic TV commercial for the fictional product “Rex Baked Beans”; the costumes on this section had been initially made for the lavish masked ball sequence in Richard Lester’s model of The Three Musketeers, and the gown worn by the Queen within the Rex advert is that worn by Geraldine Chaplin within the earlier movie.[28]

Russell recalled that Townshend initially baulked at Russell’s want to have The Who performing behind Elton within the sequence (they didn’t carry out the audio right here), and in addition objected to carrying the pound-note fits, which had been in truth stitched collectively from novelty pound-note tea-towels.[23] On The Who’s involvement with the movie, members Daltrey performed the title character; Moon performed, in essence, a twin position as each Uncle Ernie and as himself together with Entwistle and Townshend miming on their respective devices within the “Eyesight to the Blind” and “Pinball Wizard” segments. About his position because the Specialist, Jack Nicholson said: “In my entire profession there was just one time when a director mentioned to me, ‘OK, come proper down the pike and simply look lovely, Jack.’ That was Ken Russell on Tommy.”[29]

Filming completed in September 1974. Russell then edited the movie and supervised the recording of the soundtrack.[30] When it was achieved Russell mentioned “I believe it is in all probability the one factor I’ve ever achieved that satisfies me aesthetically. The truth that it is a rock opera as nicely is an incredible bonus as a result of individuals will come see it.”[13]


Field workplace

The movie was a field workplace hit. By August 1975, it had earned US$27 million (equal to $103 million in 2020) within the US alone.[31]

The movie revamped US$1 million (equal to $4 million in 2020) in France.[32]

Russell later referred to as it “probably the most business movie I’ve ever made”.[22]

Vital response

The movie holds a 70{ae90547d17d4d74b17007ee836a04674fd006933c139011dc78eb03c100070a7} approval ranking on evaluate aggregator web site Rotten Tomatoes, primarily based on 33 critiques, with a mean grade of 6.75 out of 10. The important consensus reads: “Tommy is as erratic and propulsive as a sport of pinball, incorporating The Who’s songs into an irreverent odyssey with the visible creativeness that solely director Ken Russell can conjure.”[33]

Vincent Canby of The New York Instances declared, “It might be probably the most overproduced film ever made, however there’s wit and purpose for this. It’s the final phrase in pop artwork … All the pieces, together with the sound stage, is an excessive amount of. However even this works in an odd method. The sufferer of the film is as a lot the individual sitting within the viewers as it’s Tommy.”[34] Selection referred to as the movie “spectacular in each method … The manufacturing is magnificent, the multitrack sound (tradenamed Quintophonic) terrific, the casting and appearing nice, and the identify cameos most showmanly.”[35]

Roger Ebert gave the movie three stars out of 4, commenting that its message is muddled and hypocritical, however that its focus is on well-executed, grandiose spectacles somewhat than any pretense at which means. He referred to as the pinball event sequence “the film’s finest single scene: a pulsating, orgiastic turn-on edited with the precision of a machine gun burst.”[36] Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune awarded Tommy two-and-a-half stars out of 4, calling the movie “a disappointing, slap-dash pictorialization of the superb music of The Who [with] no cinematic move.”[37]

Charles Champlin of the Los Angeles Instances referred to as the movie “an amazing, thunderous, nearly constantly astonishing achievement, coherent and constant from first frames to final.”[38] Gary Arnold of The Washington Publish wrote that the music of the unique album: “…had a sure obscure dignity and integrity, and these qualities do not stand up to the Russell remedy. On report ‘Tommy’ appeared a bit mysterious. On display screen it is simply banal.”[39] Jonathan Rosenbaum of The Month-to-month Movie Bulletin wrote that “even at its most lacklustre and tasteless junctures, Tommy isn’t boring, and all the time filled with power; and given the very free framework and imprecise plot that Russell has to work with, that is no small achievement.”[40]

In a retrospective evaluate, Perry Seibert of AllMovie gave the movie 4 stars out of 5 and described it as “constantly watchable, however the movie model of Tommy sacrifices the delicate emotional core of Pete Townshend’s work for grandiose spectacle.”[41]

Awards and nominations

Award Class Recipient(s) End result
Academy Awards[42] Finest Actress Ann-Margret Nominated
Finest Scoring: Authentic Music Rating and Adaptation or Scoring: Adaptation Pete Townshend Nominated
Golden Globe Awards[43] Finest Movement Image – Musical or Comedy Nominated
Finest Actress in a Movement Image – Musical or Comedy Ann-Margret Gained
Finest Performing Debut in a Movement Image – Male Roger Daltrey Nominated
Palić European Movie Competition Aleksandar Lifka Award Ken Russell Gained
Turkish Movie Critics Affiliation Awards Finest International Movie ninth Place

Quintaphonic Sound

The unique launch of Tommy used a sound system devised by sound engineer John Mosely referred to as “Quintaphonic Sound”.[44] On the time that the movie was in manufacturing, numerous “Quadraphonic” (4 speaker) sound techniques had been being marketed to the home HiFi market. A few of these had been so-called matrix techniques that mixed the 4 authentic channels into two, which may very well be recorded on or transmitted by, present two-channel stereo techniques resembling LP data or FM radio. John Mosely used certainly one of these techniques (QS Common Matrix from Sansui) to report entrance left, entrance proper, again left, and again proper channels on the left and proper tracks of a four-track magnetic striped print of the Cinemascope kind. A discrete centre channel was additionally recorded on the centre monitor of the print. The fourth (encompass) monitor on the striped print was left unused. As well as, John Mosely used dbx noise discount on the magnetic tracks.

Not like the standard a number of small encompass audio system utilized in cinemas, the Quintaphonic system specified simply two rear audio system, however of the identical kind as these used on the entrance.

One downside that arose was that by the Nineteen Seventies the four-track magnetic sound system was largely moribund. Just a few theatres had been outfitted with the required magnetic playback heads and different tools; of those who did in lots of circumstances, it was not in working order. Thus, along with putting in the additional electronics and rear audio system, John Mosely and his workforce needed to restore and align the fundamental magnetic playback tools. Every theatre that confirmed Tommy utilizing the Quintaphonic system accordingly needed to be specifically ready to take the movie. On this respect there’s a similarity between Tommy and Walt Disney’s Fantasia, for which a particular sound system (Fantasound) had been devised and required every theatre that confirmed it within the authentic launch to be specifically ready. Additionally, like Fantasound, Quintaphonic Sound was by no means used once more (five-channel stereo, within the type of 5.1 encompass sound, ultimately made a comeback).

Tommy was later launched with mono, typical four-track magnetic and Dolby Stereo soundtracks.

Modifications from the album

Not like different filmed rock operas (resembling that of Pink Floyd’s The Wall), the album isn’t dubbed over the movie. All of the songs had been rerecorded that includes the movie’s forged – together with Nicholson and Reed, neither of whom had been identified for his or her singing skill (Reed’s character’s songs had been minimize from Oliver!, and Nicholson’s in On a Clear Day You Can See Without end appeared solely within the now-lost roadshow model) – performing the songs in character. Of The Who, Daltrey performs as Tommy and Townshend sings narration instead of recitative.

The music order is shuffled round significantly; this and the addition of a number of new songs and hyperlinks creates a extra balanced construction of alternating quick and lengthy sequences. Numerous songs have new lyrics and instrumentation, and one other notable function is that most of the songs and items used on the movie soundtrack are alternate variations or mixes from the variations on the soundtrack album.

Variations between 1969 and 1975 variations

  • The movie opens with a brand new instrumental, “Prologue–1945” (partly primarily based on the 1969 “Overture”), which accompanies the opening sequences of Captain Walker’s romance and disappearance.
  • “It is a Boy” is separated from “Overture” and turns into the medley “Captain Walker/It is A Boy”; within the movie this medley narrates the aftermath of Walker’s disappearance, the tip of the conflict and the beginning of Tommy.
  • A brand new music, “Bernie’s Vacation Camp”, which follows “Captain Walker/It is a Boy”, portrays Tommy’s childhood and his mom’s romance with Hobbs (Oliver Reed). The music additionally options the melody from, and even foreshadows, “Tommy’s Vacation Camp”.
  • The story’s setting is up to date in order that the motion goes by way of trendy occasions (trendy as of the Nineteen Seventies). From this, the monitor “1921” from the album is modified to “1951” and is made a medley, being titled “What In regards to the Boy?” on the soundtrack, during which Capt. Walker dies as a substitute of the lover (Frank, on this context).
  • “The Wonderful Journey” (shortened to 3 minutes) has nearly fully completely different lyrics, and the “information” from the album is depicted as Tommy’s lifeless father, somewhat than the “tall stranger” in a “sparked, glittering robe” from the album. A brand new introduction can also be added in lieu of the “Deaf, dumb, and blind boy; he is in a quiet vibration land…” from the album. The film model additionally ends with completely different unbelievable lyrics, going “His eyes are the eyes that transmit all he is aware of, The reality burns so shiny it will possibly soften winter snows. A towering shadow, so black and so excessive, A white solar burning the earth and the sky.”.
  • The working order of “Christmas” and “Eyesight to the Blind” is reversed; references to pinball are faraway from “Christmas” and the character of The Hawker turns into The Preacher (Clapton), chief of the Marilyn Monroe cult. Arthur Brown is forged because the character The Priest within the movie, and sings a verse within the music however just isn’t featured on the soundtrack. In line with Russell’s DVD audio commentary, the idea of individuals actually worshipping celebrities (on this case Marilyn Monroe) and several other different parts within the movie had been tailored from his pre-existing remedy for a movie about false religions, which he had developed previous to Tommy however for which he had by no means been capable of safe monetary backing.
  • The working order of “The Acid Queen” and “Cousin Kevin” is reversed.
  • “Underture” is eliminated however components from it have been re-arranged as “Sparks”.
  • “The Acid Queen”, “Cousin Kevin”, “Fiddle About”, and “Sparks”, linked by three renditions of “Do You Assume It is Alright?” kind an prolonged sequence depicting Tommy’s inside journey and his trials.
  • A 3-minute model of the “Sparks” theme (with, then new, synthesizer orchestration) precedes “Further, Further, Further” and “Pinball Wizard”. Within the movie, it’s used behind the sequence of the dazed Tommy wandering right into a junkyard and discovering a pinball machine. The music on the movie soundtrack (for this and lots of different songs) is closely edited, nonetheless, and is a noticeably completely different combine from the model on the soundtrack album.
  • A brand new linking theme, “Further, Further, Further”, narrates Tommy’s rise to fame and introduces the battle with the pinball champ. It’s set to the tune of “Miracle Remedy” and precedes “Pinball Wizard”.
  • “Pinball Wizard” has additional lyrics and actions. It options guitar and keyboard solos (the guitars are solely readily discernible on the soundtrack album), and an outro with a riff harking back to the Who’s first single, “I Cannot Clarify”.
  • A brand new music, “Champagne”, which follows “Pinball Wizard”, covers the sequence of Tommy’s stardom and wealth and his mother and father’ greed. Like many different songs, it options Tommy singing “See Me, Really feel Me” interludes: that is the primary music with Daltrey singing for Tommy. Within the movie (however not on the soundtrack), the music is launched by a mock TV business—harking back to the Who’s early years after they made jingles.
  • “Go to the Mirror” is shortened, not that includes the weather of “Listening To You”, nor the phrase “Go to the mirror, boy.”
  • “I am Free” is moved earlier, and now follows “Smash The Mirror!” (as was achieved on the 1972 symphonic album); it covers the lavish psychedelic sequence depicting Tommy’s reawakening.
  • “I am Free” is adopted by a brand new music, “Mom and Son”, which depicts Tommy’s rejection of materialism and his imaginative and prescient for a brand new religion primarily based round pinball.
  • “Sensation”, that includes additional lyrics, is moved ahead and covers the unfold of Tommy’s new faith. Within the movie it happens between “Sally Simpson” and “Welcome”. (On the soundtrack album, it happens between “Mom and Son” and “Miracle Remedy”—with the additional [narration] lyrics and guitar solo included on the cassette and CD variations, however not the LP model.)
  • “Sally Simpson” is re-arranged with a Bo Diddley beat and within the movie is preceded by “Miracle Remedy”—which options an additional verse.
  • In “Sally Simpson”, the album model mentions her father’s Rolls-Royce as blue, however the movie modifications the lyrics to black (the Rolls-Royce within the movie can also be black).
  • In “Sally Simpson”, the album model describes Tommy giving a lesson. Within the movie, Tommy provides a lesson, and the lyrics are modified to the phrases of the lesson.
  • Within the album model of “Sally Simpson”, the title character jumps on the stage and brushes Tommy’s cheek, however within the film she is kicked off the stage earlier than she will get near Tommy.
  • A brand new linking piece, “T.V. Studio”, is used between “Welcome” and “Tommy’s Vacation Camp”.
  • The 1969 album’s closing monitor “We’re Not Gonna Take It” is cut up into two items, “We’re Not Gonna Take It” and medley “See Me Really feel Me/Listening To You”;[9] this covers the climactic movie sequences of Tommy’s fall from grace and his ultimate redemption and opens with an additional refrain sung by the group (“These dear offers do not train us…”).
  • The CD reissue of the soundtrack album opens with a more recent, beforehand unreleased model of “Overture From Tommy”, which was not included both within the movie or on the unique soundtrack LP. Though the monitor is listed within the CD’s music credit as being carried out by The Who, it’s really a Pete Townshend solo quantity with him taking part in all of the devices (as with “Prologue – 1945” and different tracks)—neither John Entwistle or Keith Moon seem on it, as they do on all different alternatives on the soundtrack credited to “The Who,” no matter whether or not Roger Daltrey performs as vocalist.


Gross sales chart efficiency

12 months Chart Place
1975 Australia (Kent Music Report)[45] 6
1975 Billboard Pop Albums 2
1975 UK Chart Albums 21


  • Russell, Ken (1991). Altered states. Bantam Books.

  • Tommy at IMDb
  • Tommy at Field Workplace Mojo
  • Tommy at Rotten Tomatoes
  • Keith Moon seize the Rock Music Award for Finest Rock Film of the 12 months 1975 on YouTube

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