U2 Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky

U2 Reside at Pink Rocks: Underneath a Blood Pink Sky is a live performance movie by Irish rock band U2. It was recorded on 5 June 1983 at Pink Rocks Amphitheatre in Colorado, United States, on the group’s Warfare Tour. Initially launched in 1984 on videocassette, U2 Reside at Pink Rocks was the band’s first video launch. It accompanied a 1983 stay album entitled Underneath a Blood Pink Sky, on which two tracks from the movie seem. The video was directed by Gavin Taylor and produced by Rick Wurpel and Doug Stewart.

The movie was organized by U2 administration to showcase the band’s stay act and to advertise them to American audiences. It depicts the band’s efficiency at Pink Rocks on a rain-soaked night. The live performance was nearly cancelled due to the inclement climate, however the band had invested within the filming with Island Information and live performance promoter Barry Fey and wished to proceed with the gig. The rain and the torch-lit environment of the environment made U2’s efficiency dramatic. Segments of U2 Reside at Pink Rocks had been proven in common rotation on MTV, and had been additionally broadcast on different tv networks.

Critics praised the live performance and the video, and it subsequently turned a best-seller. The video, together with Underneath a Blood Pink Sky, helped set up U2’s popularity as outstanding stay performers and boosted Pink Rocks’ stature as a stay venue. A remastered version of U2 Reside at Pink Rocks was launched on DVD in September 2008 with beforehand unreleased tracks, coinciding with a remastered version of Underneath a Blood Pink Sky. Rolling Stone chosen the movie’s efficiency of “Sunday Bloody Sunday” as one of many “50 Moments that Modified the Historical past of Rock and Roll”.


Planning and group

A shot of an outdoor amphitheater taken at dusk, looking down towards a brightly-lit stage. Large red cliffs are visible in the background, sloping down to the right. A large audience is present.

Pink Rocks Amphitheatre, the location of the live performance, pictured in 2006.

In 1981, U2 had been on their Boy Tour to advertise their debut album, Boy. Following their 11 Might live performance at Rainbow Music Corridor in Denver, live performance promoter Chuck Morris took the band to the close by Pink Rocks Amphitheatre—a pure amphitheatre positioned between sandstone cliffs within the Rocky Mountains.[1][2][3] Bassist Adam Clayton mentioned, “From the second we noticed it, we had been pondering, ‘Some day we’ll play right here’. It was very photogenic.”[1] U2’s supervisor Paul McGuinness had lengthy wished to movie the group for a live performance video to spotlight their success as a stay act and to advertise them to American audiences nonetheless unfamiliar with the Irish band.[4] Live performance promoter Barry Fey, who introduced U2’s reveals within the southwestern United States, noticed the group’s potential and efficiently lobbied for them to carry out at Pink Rocks.[3][4]

In early 1983, McGuinness contacted Malcolm Gerrie, producer of the British tv sequence The Tube, about capturing a video of U2 at Pink Rocks and probably that includes it on The Tube. Gerrie initially assumed McGuinness was fascinated about making a video of a single track; nonetheless, McGuinness hoped to create an hour-long particular. As a result of The Tube was not a “one-band present”, Gerrie mentioned he must promote the thought to Channel 4 tv, however McGuinness insisted on giving Gerrie the rights to the video and letting Channel 4 broadcast the video with out fee.[5]

U2 playing on an outdoor stage. The Edge is on the left playing guitar, Bono in the center with a microphone, and Adam Clayton on the right playing bass guitar. A drum set is partially visible on the right side.

U2 performing on the US Pageant in Might 1983, six days earlier than the Pink Rocks present.

Filming prices had been estimated at US$250,000, which included the illumination of the cliffs, a cellular sound recording unit, and a helicopter to movie aerial footage.[6] With U2 solely in a position to make investments $30,000, Fey agreed to assist finance the undertaking, together with Island Information.[1][3] A joint manufacturing firm referred to as “U2 at Pink Rocks Associates” was subsequently established to fund the filming; the three events cut up prices and shared income from tv rights and video gross sales. The radio rights had been offered to American radio community NBC for inclusion of their live performance sequence The Supply.[6] All through america leg of their Warfare Tour, U2 stuffed venues with capacities just like that of Pink Rocks, main the band to anticipate that the filming would happen earlier than a sold-out viewers and that the live performance’s revenues would assist to offset manufacturing prices.[6]

Fey’s company, Feyline Productions, coordinated together with his manufacturing firm, TTS, to handle the videotaping.[3][7] Director Gavin Taylor and Gerrie had been chosen as director and manufacturing affiliate, respectively. It was Taylor’s first go to to america, and it was the primary time he filmed a significant out of doors rock live performance.[8] Native producers Rick Wurpel and Doug Stewart had been additionally on the workers. Taylor’s and McGuinness’ authentic plans had been to function the video on The Tube, however commerce unions objected to their restricted illustration on the live performance crew. Nevertheless, a compromise was reached, permitting quarter-hour of the live performance to be broadcast on The Tube.[4]

Climate challenges and preparations

“There was some huge cash using on this; every part that was within the financial institution, mainly. We had been nicely organised, digital camera crews everywhere in the gig. We introduced additional lighting, searchlights, all types of stuff. After which it began to rain. These had been nail-biting instances. Lots of the crew had been advising us to tug out, however in true U2 model, we carried on regardless.”

—Larry Mullen Jr.[9]

The group’s Pink Rocks live performance was scheduled for five June 1983, however poor climate that day threatened to cancel the present.[10] Torrential rain soaked the world, and flash flood warnings had been issued.[3] The climate made it tough for the crew members to move the band’s gear and video tools by way of the mountains to the amphitheatre.[11] The circumstances additionally prompted many technical issues for the filming and live performance crews,[4] hampering stage building and endangering the protection of these organising lighting and sound tools.[6] Crew members used squeegees to maintain rain away from the wires,[3] though the assistant of recording engineer Randy Ezratty nonetheless acquired {an electrical} shock whereas organising a lighting truss.[12] The followers that attended needed to hike by way of the Rocky Mountains within the rain. Between 15 and 20 followers had been already camped out within the venue’s entrance rows early within the morning, and lead singer Bono accommodated them by serving espresso and tea.[2] The Alarm and Divinyls cancelled their opening units for security causes,[13] and lots of followers thought your entire live performance had been cancelled. The present was scheduled for six:00 p.m., and the band had till 1:00 p.m. to resolve whether or not to maneuver the live performance elsewhere or threat the climate worsening, which may have necessitated a cancellation.[3]

U2 and McGuinness thought that an excessive amount of cash had been invested to abort the live performance, and so they sympathised with the followers who had travelled to the venue within the poor climate. Accordingly, they determined to proceed with the live performance as deliberate.[1][4] Lots of the crew weren’t in settlement and wished to stroll off the set. Ezratty mentioned: “The fellows from the American sound firm had been by no means enamored with being out with this band. I can keep in mind them saying, “Oh, we might be out with Asia proper now!’ So that they determined to tug the plug on it. They mentioned, ‘It is a matter of security. We’ll pull the system down and we’re not going to do it.'”[12] McGuinness dissuaded the crew with an impromptu speech, a second on which Ezratty recollected: “Paul referred to as all people down into the bowels of Pink Rocks the place they fed all people. It was chilly and raining and all people was shivering, and Paul made a speech, saying in no unsure phrases that we had been going to proceed as one, that the band’s total livelihood was using on this, and that this was one of the vital pivotal moments of their profession. He mentioned that if it had been deemed that this present was in any manner doable to occur, it was going to occur, and it was not going to be tolerated that anyone would do something however add their effort to a profitable and optimistic end result I simply stood there and went, ‘That is so cool. This is sort of a common rallying the troops.'”[12]

Bono knowledgeable the followers ready outdoors the venue that the present can be common admission, and informed everybody to get as near the stage as doable, whatever the seating task on their tickets.[11] Fey wished to cancel the present however was flying to Denver from the US Pageant in California with Morris when the choice to proceed was made.[2][3] After arriving in Denver, Fey referred to as the amphitheatre asking to the place the live performance was being moved, unaware that the band had determined to proceed with the present.[2][3] Guitarist the Edge mentioned that when Fey discovered of the group’s determination, he couldn’t consider it. The Edge mentioned, “I do not assume he’d ever heard something fairly so loopy in his life, occurring with an outside present within the worst form of climate, rain and wind within the mountains. He thought we would misplaced our minds fully.”[1] Bono went on the radio that day to substantiate that the Pink Rocks live performance was nonetheless happening, and to advertise a live performance that the band deliberate for the next night time on the CU Occasions Middle to accommodate followers who had been unable to attend the Pink Rocks present.[2][3] Clayton mentioned throughout the band’s radio interviews, “We all know it is raining now however we’re certain it will not be when the present begins, so please come.” Two hours earlier than the live performance, the downpour subsided and settled right into a misty drizzle.[1] The 9,000-person venue had offered out, however due to the inclement climate, solely about 4,400 followers attended.[6][2][3]

Filming and post-production

A black and white close-up of Bono holding a microphone to his face. Out-of-focus trees are in the background.

Bono, pictured in August 1983, used a thrust constructed on the fringe of the Pink Rocks stage to carry out nearer to the viewers.

Taylor had a crew of six digital camera operators, comprising three Denver cinematographers and three others that he introduced.[4] As a result of thick fog and heavy rain on the night time of the live performance, little or no aerial footage was appropriate for the ultimate edit.[8] Though two “grasp angle” cameras on tripods supplied vast and overview pictures, many of the digital camera operators filmed with hand-held cameras.[4] A lot of the live performance footage accommodates purple streaks, which was attributable to the cameras’ tube sensors once they had been pointed instantly at gentle sources.[8][4] This prompted a discover on the long run dwelling video launch informing viewers that the colored strains within the footage “are a results of particular lighting results, and should not attributable to a tape defect or your tools”.[14] The climate was chilly sufficient that steam was popping out of the band members’ mouths, and the Edge had issue taking part in guitar as a result of his fingers felt “frozen stiff”. Drummer Larry Mullen Jr. believes the climate contributed a dramatic environment to the live performance.[1] Lowered attendance on the occasion was largely obscured within the live performance footage by the thick mist that stuffed the air that night,[10] in addition to strategic pictures of the gang.[1] Having seen Bono’s interactions with an viewers at a present in Gateshead years earlier, Taylor determined to have a thrust constructed on the entrance of the Pink Rocks stage to scale back the hole between the viewers and Bono,[4] and to permit him to be surrounded by followers on three sides.[8] Sound mixing was managed by Steve Lillywhite, who produced U2’s first three studio albums. Ezratty’s recording firm, Effanel Music, was employed to offer their transportable multitrack recording system.[12]

Earlier than U2 took the stage, Fey launched the live performance, making a reference to Bob Dylan’s stay album Laborious Rain.[6] The live performance itself featured 18 songs,[15] with a set checklist equivalent to that of a number of earlier reveals on the tour.[16] “Out of Management” opened the 14-song fundamental set, which concluded with “Gloria”. A four-song encore adopted, with “40” being the ultimate track carried out. The band performed songs from the tour’s supporting album Warfare (1983), in addition to materials from their first two albums, Boy (1980) and October (1981). “Get together Lady”—a B-side from the one “A Celebration” (1982), and the non-album single “11 O’Clock Tick Tock” (1980) had been performed throughout the encore.[16]

Through the track “The Electrical Co.”, Bono left the stage and climbed up a lighting rig to show a white flag.[6] In a 2004 interview, the Edge mentioned that Bono “scared the shit out of [him]” by climbing onto the rig and risking electrocution by the stay wires in shut proximity.[17] Bono mentioned “good night time” to the gang on practically a half a dozen events in order that the post-production crew would have a number of selections of songs with which to finish the movie.[3] Backstage, the band members had been disillusioned that the gang didn’t initially chant “how lengthy to sing this track?” after the band had left the stage following the ultimate track, “40”, which had grow to be a convention. Nevertheless, tour supervisor Dennis Sheehan hid beneath the gang barrier and commenced singing the chorus right into a microphone with out being requested. Ultimately, the gang joined in; the movie was edited to disguise the truth that the singing was organised.[1]

The day after the live performance, Taylor went into the video modifying suite to organize a promotional video and a tough edit of the live performance, whereas Lillywhite blended the sound at Caribou Ranch. In the end, Taylor accomplished two separate edits of the live performance: the primary was an hour-long model for a deliberate however cancelled UK tv broadcast that was as a substitute launched on VHS; the second model was the complete live performance.[4]


Broadcasts and preliminary dwelling video

The live performance was first broadcast on 8, 9 and 10 July 1983 on NBC’s radio community The Supply beneath the title Warfare Is Declared. The published was sponsored by Budweiser and america Military, and was distributed to radio stations on two LP information, which included the complete live performance minus “I Threw A Brick Via A Window” and “A Day With out Me”.[18][19] Twelve of the live performance’s songs had been later broadcast on American tv community Showtime, and 9 songs had been broadcast on MTV.[6] The movie’s efficiency of “Sunday Bloody Sunday” turned the track’s music video; Malcolm Gerrie, Rick Wurpel and Paul McGuinness had been credited as producers.[13] In June 1986, the video was considered one of 10 live performance movies aired on tv stations all through the US as a part of a sequence of music specials introduced by the Coors Brewing Firm and Radio Imaginative and prescient Worldwide.[20] The live performance has additionally been broadcast on VH1 and associates of the Public Broadcasting Service.[21][22][23]

The Pink Rocks movie was screened on the CMJ Music Marathon in October 1983 to advertise U2’s companion stay mini-LP Underneath a Blood Pink Sky, which was launched the next month.[24] The mini-LP, whose title was later used as a subtitle for the live performance movie, options eight stay songs from the Warfare Tour, two of which (“Gloria” and “Get together Lady”) had been taken from the Pink Rocks live performance;[25] the opposite tracks had been taken from performances in Boston and West Germany, as U2 thought they had been “extra developed performances”.[26]

U2 Reside at Pink Rocks: Underneath a Blood Pink Sky was U2’s first dwelling video launch,[27] and it was initially issued on VHS and Betamax by MCA Dwelling Video in July 1984,[28][29] adopted by a LaserDisc launch from Pony Video for Japan.[citation needed] The video recording was re-released in August 1986 by RCA/Columbia Footage Dwelling Video,[30] adopted by a LaserDisc launch from RCA/Columbia and Picture Leisure in 1988,[31] and two extra VHS re-releases by Virgin Video in 1987 and PolyGram in 1991.[32][33]

The picture of Bono atop the lighting rig throughout his efficiency of “The Electrical Co.” was used as the quilt of the video with the textual content Underneath a Blood Pink Sky.[6][17] The movie begins with a quick montage that features an interview with U2, preparations being made by the live performance crew and reactions by anxious followers. The Clannad track “Theme from Harry’s Recreation”, which was performed after lots of U2’s reveals on the time, is heard within the movie’s opening montage and throughout the finish credit.[34] The movie’s subtitle “Underneath a Blood Pink Sky”, additionally the title of the companion stay album, originates from a lyric in “New 12 months’s Day”. This lyric will not be sung within the movie; as a substitute Bono sang “beneath a thundercloud and rain”, in reference to the climate circumstances.[25]

Through the band’s efficiency of “Cry / The Electrical Co.”, Bono sang excerpts of Stephen Sondheim’s “Ship within the Clowns”. The band did not get permission or to pay the suitable licensing and royalty charges to make use of the track. Preliminary pressings of U2 Reside at Pink Rocks, and the accompanying stay album—which accommodates a distinct efficiency of the track from August 1983—featured “Ship within the Clowns”. U2 had been pressured to pay US$50,000 in an out-of-court settlement.[35] The preliminary launch of the video was 55 minutes lengthy and featured 13 songs from the movie, together with “Cry / The Electrical Co.”, which was omitted from the monitor itemizing for authorized causes associated to the excerpt of “Ship within the Clowns”.[36]

Recordings of “Twilight” and “An Cat Dubh” from the live performance had been featured on U2’s single “Sweetest Factor” in 1998.[37] In 2004, the live performance recording of “Sunday Bloody Sunday” appeared on the compilation album Carved in Stone Vol. 2: Reside at Pink Rocks, a charity document to lift funds for the “Protect the Rocks Fund”, which aimed to renovate and protect Pink Rocks Park.[38]

Following the discharge of the official live performance recordings, video and audio bootleg recordings circulated that featured the whole lot of the band’s efficiency.[25]

DVD re-release and streaming

In 2005, after Rick Wurpel re-opened his manufacturing enterprise, he realised that neither he nor TTS had the grasp tapes of their stock and feared that that they had been misplaced.[39] He found the Denver Metropolis Council possessed the tapes amongst a listing of 164 recordings.[40] A former worker of Wurpel had been storing the tapes and supposed to eliminate them except the town was .[39] Town had paid her $3,000 for the storage prices and took possession of the tapes.[39] Authorized proceedings subsequently ensued to return the tapes to Wurpel and U2.[40]

Barry Fey later signed paperwork for a future DVD launch at U2’s request.[25] U2 Reside at Pink Rocks was re-released on 30 September 2008 on DVD by Interscope Information, Island Information, and Common Music Enterprises.[27] The “2008 Version” of the movie was remastered, and the audio remastering was directed by the Edge. The DVD options a number of tracks that had been beforehand unreleased, extending the movie from 55 to 82 minutes. “Cry / The Electrical Co.” was included on the video’s monitor itemizing; the efficiency was edited to take away the excerpt of “Ship within the Clowns” that was current on the earlier videocassette and LaserDisc releases.[10][36] The editing-out of the track created a continuity error within the video; the earlier variations confirmed Bono climbing the lighting rig and singing. The brand new version removes that sequence, leading to Bono leaving the stage and showing on prime of the lighting rig within the following shot.[10]

The remastered DVD additionally incorporates a model of “Two Hearts Beat as One” that was edited to take away an excerpt of “Let’s Twist Once more”.[10] The one track carried out on the live performance that doesn’t seem within the remastered movie is “I Fall Down”—performed between “Cry / The Electrical Co.” and “October”—which was omitted due to a digital camera malfunction.[10] The DVD incorporates a PCM stereo soundtrack, 5.1 encompass sound mixes in Dolby Digital and DTS sound, and an audio commentary by director Gavin Taylor.[27] The re-release of the movie coincided with the discharge of a remastered model of its companion stay album, Underneath a Blood Pink Sky. These re-releases had been accessible individually or bundled collectively in a CD/DVD deluxe bundle.[41] The liner notes for the movie re-release had been written by music critic Anthony DeCurtis.[42] Remastered variations of U2’s first three albums—Boy, October, and Warfare—had been launched earlier in 2008, and a field set with the three albums and an open slot for the deluxe model of Underneath a Blood Pink Sky was offered solely by Amazon.com.[43]

On 15 March 2021, U2 introduced a live performance broadcast sequence referred to as “The Digital Street” in partnership with YouTube, by which 4 of the group’s previous live performance movies had been remastered and streamed on the band’s official YouTube channel for 48 hours every. Reside at Pink Rocks started streaming on 25 March, with a pre-recorded efficiency by Irish rock band Fontaines D.C. serving as an “opening act”.[44] To coincide with the printed occasion, a four-track EP of songs from Reside at Pink Rocks was launched to streaming providers and digital shops.[45]


Vital response

Skilled scores
Overview scores
Supply Ranking
The Advertiser (2008) [46]
Allmovie [47]
The Irish Occasions (2008) [48]
The New York Occasions beneficial[49]
PopMatters (2008) 8/10[10]
Document Collector (2008) [41]
Rocky Mountain Information (2008) A+[50]
Rolling Stone (2008) [51]
The Sunday Telegraph /
Sunday Herald Solar (2008)
Video Librarian (2008) [54]

Each the live performance and the U2 Reside at Pink Rocks video acquired optimistic critiques from critics. In a evaluation of the present, G. Brown of The Denver Submit wrote, “A variety of issues needed to go so incorrect for U2’s present at Pink Rocks Amphitheater … to return off so proper.”[42] Jon Pareles of The New York Occasions praised the movie, saying, “The setting lent much more urgency to U2’s hypercharged songs about apocalypse, pacifism and existential terror”. Pareles mentioned, “Though there are a couple of too many exaggerated digital camera angles, the tape captures U2’s earnest depth.”[49] A evaluation within the Philadelphia Each day Information described the camerawork as “suave” and praised the visuals of the live performance and the pure environment.[55] Louis Meredith of Stereo Overview mentioned that the video captured the group in “completely splendid kind” and that “Musically, it is about as spectacular as they arrive” with “creative and passionately felt” instrumental performances. He mentioned that Bono “accomplishes the practically unimaginable—turning a typical Nuremberg Rally-scaled out of doors live performance into one thing that appears nearly intimate.” Meredith criticised the cinematography as “unimaginative, made-for-MTV digital camera work” and judged that the soundtrack was inferior to the EP.[56] Neal Corridor of The Solar mentioned the band “show[d] why it was named by Document journal as the highest stay act of 1983” and that they carried out with a “vigor and vitality that’s entrancing to witness, even on a small display”. He discovered the sound “surprisingly clear and crisp” however famous the purple trails had been a visible downside.[57] Perry Seibert of Allmovie gave the movie four-and-a-half stars, praising the band’s efficiency and the venue’s position within the live performance, saying, “the historic Pink Rocks venue supplies a stirring backdrop for the band’s sweeping sound”.[47]

Following the discharge of the DVD in 2008, Document Collector acknowledged that “25 years on, [U2 Live at Red Rocks has] misplaced none of its energy”.[41] Brian Boyd of The Irish Occasions was impressed by the band’s efficiency contemplating they had been drawing from simply three albums of fabric and lacked the “computerised wizardry that makes U2 reveals now such extravaganzas”, including, “what most impresses right here is how full-on the live performance is because the band give it socks throughout a rain-lashed night”.[48] Bernard Zuel of The Sydney Morning Herald referred to as the live performance one of many moments in U2’s historical past that confirmed their “capability to attach with and transfer an viewers at a time when artifice and pomposity had been rampant”. He was fascinated that the “rain and fog that marks the Pink Rocks present, and made the mythology much more potent, nearly led to its cancellation”.[58] Mark Brown of the Rocky Mountain Information recalled that the video is “nonetheless an exciting efficiency, uncooked however polished, passionate and honest”.[50] Andrew Gilstrap of PopMatters gave the remastered model of the movie a ranking of 8 out of 10, stating, “It is uncommon {that a} band can completely rework a scene—particularly one with a stage present that boasts charisma as its solely particular impact—but it surely’s not hyperbole to say that U2 placed on a dominating, flawless-despite-mistakes efficiency. That is the one which put U2 on the map.”[10] In its evaluation of the remastered model of Underneath a Blood Pink Sky, on-line journal Pitchfork mentioned, “when the group carried out at Pink Rocks on a wet June night time, with lit torches above a panoramic skyline, the venue supplied a super backdrop for U2’s actually flag-waving music, with every part—earth, wind, fireplace—in place to maximise and heighten the drama of the second and the songs.”[59] Christina Sursky of the McClatchy-Tribune Information Service mentioned, “The DVD glows with the power of U2’s performances”, and he or she referred to as the rendition of “Sunday Bloody Sunday” the movie’s spotlight.[60] Randy Pitman of Video Librarian referred to as the efficiency a “blistering 17-song set stuffed with early materials now hardly ever performed apart from the hits ‘Sunday Bloody Sunday’ and ‘New 12 months’s Day'”. He added that though informal followers could solely recognise the aforementioned hits, “the devoted shall be thrilled with this traditional live performance”.[54] James Wigney of The Sunday Telegraph and the Sunday Herald Solar gave the DVD a rating of 5 out of 5, praising the movie’s live performance, however acknowledged that the “footage continues to be on the fuzzy aspect”.[52][53] Sam Kelton of The Advertiser mentioned the DVD’s audio commentary was very informative, however criticised the image high quality, stating, “even the remastered model appears prefer it was shot on a cell phone”.[46]

Business efficiency

In November 1984, the video was nominated for the Greatest Lengthy Kind award at Billboard journal’s Video Music Convention and the efficiency of “Sunday Bloody Sunday” was nominated for the Greatest Live performance Efficiency award.[61] When Billboard debuted the Prime Music Videocassettes chart (later renamed Prime Music Movies) within the 30 March 1985 subject, U2 Reside at Pink Rocks ranked at quantity seven.[62] The video was included within the year-end Prime Music Videocassettes charts for 1985 and 1987.[63][64] Following the 2008 DVD launch, the video re-entered the chart for the primary time since 1989, reaching quantity 3.[65] General, U2 Reside at Pink Rocks spent 152 weeks on the Prime Music Videocassettes/Prime Music Movies chart.[66] In April 1985, the video appeared on Billboards Prime Videocassette Gross sales chart at quantity 29, and remained on the chart for 14 weeks.[67] Billboard attributed the late improve within the video’s gross sales to U2’s sold-out Unforgettable Fireplace Tour, and referred to as it “a textbook instance of a bunch’s present standing having a direct affect on video gross sales”.[28]


A man in black attire stands on a concert stage. With his left hand, he is holding a large white flag bearing the text"U2", while holding his right fist in the air. A red cliff is visible behind the stage.

In 2007, the U2 tribute act “Underneath a Blood Pink Sky” reenacted U2’s Pink Rocks present.

U2’s Pink Rocks live performance is commonly cited as a watershed second of their historical past that established their popularity as an distinctive stay act.[2] Within the liner notes of the remastered model of the movie, music journalist Anthony DeCurtis wrote, “this live performance set targets for U2 which may have daunted another younger band. However within the shadow of their wild ambitions at Pink Rocks, these 4 boys met, as soon as once more, the lads of their future, and have become who they might grow to be.”[42] In 1999, Leisure Weekly ranked the present fortieth on its checklist of “The 100 Best Moments in Rock Music”, saying that “the mystic, against-all-odds efficiency… was a non secular and business breakthrough” that “remodeled U2 from college-radio underdogs into A-list rock heroes”.[68] In 2004, Rolling Stone referred to as the band’s efficiency of “Sunday Bloody Sunday” from the movie one of many “50 Moments that Modified the Historical past of Rock and Roll”. The journal mentioned, “[t]he sight of Bono singing the anti-violence anthem ‘Sunday Bloody Sunday’ whereas waving a white flag by way of crimson mist (created by a mixture of moist climate, scorching lights and the illumination of these crags) turned the defining picture of U2’s warrior-rock spirit and—proven in heavy rotation on MTV—broke the band nationwide.”[17] Director Gavin Taylor mentioned that the video “kick-started their profession” and “fired them like a rocket into the sky”.[8] A 2005 business ballot of “The World’s Best Gigs” ranked U2’s Pink Rocks present the Eighth-greatest in rock historical past.[69] In 2009, Relix named it the Twenty fourth-best live performance since 1959.[70]

The Denver Submit mentioned the live performance affirmed Pink Rocks Amphitheatre’s standing as a premier out of doors venue.[2] Rocky Mountain Information mentioned that the live performance was “[e]asily one of the vital well-known, acclaimed live shows of the Eighties (if not all time)”, and that individuals who have visited the Amphitheatre ever since have been disillusioned to be taught that the pyres should not a part of the venue and had been solely used for the U2 live performance.[50] Music biographer Dave Thompson mentioned the live performance “remodeled U2 … into a really profitable rock band”, and that with out U2, “Pink Rocks can be simply one other neatly lit amphitheater”.[71] In 2003, U2 had been inducted into the Pink Rocks Corridor of Fame, which is on show within the venue’s customer heart; the amphitheatre’s official web site states that U2’s efficiency “paved the way in which for different nice artists akin to Stevie Nicks, the Moody Blues, John Tesh and Neil Younger to document stay live performance movies at Pink Rocks, and helped the Amphitheatre acquire its popularity as one of many premier venues on the planet”.[72]

In June 2007, a U2 tribute band named Underneath a Blood Pink Sky carried out a note-for-note recreation of U2’s efficiency at Pink Rocks. That very same week, the Metropolis of Denver unsuccessfully tried to influence U2 to return to Pink Rocks.[73] Through the PopMart Tour in 1997, Bono acknowledged that due to low ticket gross sales for his or her Denver live performance at Mile Excessive Stadium, a return to the extra intimate Pink Rocks setting held enchantment.[74] Nevertheless, in a 2008 interview, Barry Fey mentioned that he had questioned U2 about acting at Pink Rocks once more, to which they replied, “Completely not”.[2] On each events, Fey mentioned that U2 may by no means prime their authentic efficiency and that returning to Pink Rocks can be “silly” and “a no-win scenario” for the group.[2][74]

Observe itemizing



  • Bono – lead vocals, guitar on “A Day With out Me”
  • The Edge – guitar, piano, backing vocals, lap metal guitar on “Give up”, bass guitar on “40”, lead vocals on “Seconds”
  • Adam Clayton – bass guitar, guitar on “40”, backing vocals on “I Will Comply with”, “Twilight” and “Out of Management”
  • Larry Mullen Jr. – drums, backing vocals

Movie crew

  • Malcolm Gerrie – manufacturing affiliate
  • Paul McGuinness for U2 at Pink Rocks Associates – govt producer
  • Doug Stewart – producer
  • Gavin Taylor – director
  • Rick Wurpel – producer





  • de la Parra, Pimm Jal (2003). U2 Reside: A Live performance Documentary. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9198-7.
  • Graham, Invoice; van Oosten de Boer, Caroline (2004). U2: The Full Information to Their Music. London: Omnibus Press. ISBN 0-7119-9886-8.
  • Jobling, John (2014). U2: The Definitive Biography. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-1-250-02789-4.
  • Kootnikoff, David (2010). U2: A Musical Biography. Santa Barbara: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-36523-2.
  • McGee, Matt (2008). U2: A Diary. New York: Omnibus Press. ISBN 978-1-84772-108-2.
  • Scrimgeour, Diana (2004). U2 Present. New York: Riverhead Books. ISBN 1-57322-296-8.
  • Thompson, Dave (1997). Go Phish. New York: St. Martin’s Press. ISBN 0-312-16854-3.
  • U2 (2006). McCormick, Neil (ed.). U2 by U2. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-719668-7.

  • U2 Reside at Pink Rocks: Underneath a Blood Pink Sky at IMDb
  • U2 Reside at Pink Rocks at U2.com

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Jim Bowen
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